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Keywords:

  • platelet-derived microparticle;
  • diabetes;
  • P-selectin;
  • chemokine;
  • ticlopidine

Levels of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs), platelet activation markers (P-selectin expressed on, or annexin V binding to, platelets (plt:P-selectin or plt:annexin V, respectively)), chemokines (IL-8, monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 (MCP-1), and regulated on activation normally T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES)), and soluble P- and E-selectins were compared in peripheral blood from diabetic and control patients in order to develop a better understanding of their potential contribution to diabetic vascular complications. Significant increases were found for PMPs, plt:P-selectin, MCP-1, RANTES and soluble P- and E-selectins in diabetic individuals, whereas IL-8 levels were similar. Furthermore, after ticlopidine treatment, most of these factors receded to baseline levels observed in non-diabetic patients. Our findings indicate that ticlopidine might be able to prevent or reduce vascular complications in diabetic patients.