SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Pawlowski ZS. Critical points in the clinical management of cystic echinococcosis: a revised review. In: Andersen FL, Ouhelli H, Kachani M, eds.Compendium on Cystic Echinococcosis. Provo: Brigham Young University Print Services, 1997; 199235.
  • 2
    Franchi C, Di Vico B, Teggi A. Long-term evaluation of patients with hydatidosis treated with benzimidazole carbamates. Clin Inf Dis 1999; 29: 3049.
  • 3
    Wen H, New RR, Craig PS. Diagnosis and treatment of human hydatidosis. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1993; 35: 56574.
  • 4
    Wen H, Craig PS. Immunoglobulin G subclass responses in human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1994; 51: 7418.
  • 5
    Riganò R, Profumo E, Ioppolo S et al. Immunological markers indicating the effectiveness of pharmacological treatment in human hydatid disease. Clin Exp Immunol 1995; 102: 2815.
  • 6
    Lightowlers MW, Liu DY, Haralambous A et al. Subunit composition and specificity of the major cyst fluid antigens of Echinococcus granulosus. Mol Biochem Parasitol 1989; 37: 17182.
  • 7
    Leggatt GR, McManus DP. Identification and diagnostic value of a major antibody epitope on the 12 kDa antigen from Echinococcus granulosus (hydatid disease) cyst fluid. Parasite Immunol 1994; 16: 8796.
  • 8
    Ioppolo S, Notargiacomo S, Profumo E. et al. Immunological responses to antigen B from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid in hydatid patients. Parasite Immunol 1996; 18: 5718.
  • 9
    Oriol C, Williams JF, Perez MV et al. Purification of lipoprotein antigens of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep hydatid fluid. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1971; 20: 56974.
  • 10
    Rogan MT, Craig PS, Zeyhle E et al. Evaluation of a rapid dot-ELISA as a field test for the diagnosis of cystic hydatid disease. Trans Royal Soc Trop Med Hyg 1991; 85: 7737.
  • 11
    Informal Working Group on Echinococcosis. Guidelines for treatment of cystic and alveolar echinococcosis in humans. Bull World Health Organ 1996; 74: 23142.
  • 12
    Pawlowski ZS, Eckert J, Vuitton DA et al. Echinococcosis in humans. clinical aspects, diagnosis and treatment.. In:Eckert J, Gemmel MA, Meslin FX, Pawlowski ZS, eds.WHO/OIE Manual on echinococcosis in humans and animals, a zoonosis of global concern; Geneva: WHO, 2001; 2066.
  • 13
    Bombardieri S, Giordano F, Ingrao F et al. An evaluation of an agar gel diffusion test with crude and purified antigens in the diagnosis of hydatid disease. Bull World Health Organ 1974; 51: 52530.
  • 14
    Iacona A, Pini C, Vicari G. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in serodiagnosis of hydatid disease. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1980; 9: 24856.
  • 15
    Siracusano A, Ioppolo S, Notargiacomo S et al. Detection of antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus antigens and their subunits by immunoblotting. Trans Royal Soc Trop Med Hyg 1991; 85: 95102.
  • 16
    Di Felice G, Pini C, Afferni C et al. Purification and partial characterization of the major antigen of Echinococcus granulosus (antigen 5) with monoclonal antibodies. Mol Biochem Parasitol 1986; 20: 13342.
  • 17
    Ortona E, Siracusano A, Castro A et al. Use of a monoclonal antobody against the antigen B of Echinococcus granulosus for purification and detection of antigen B. Appl Parasitol 1995; 36: 2205.
  • 18
    Craig PS. Immunodiagnosis of Echinococcus granulosus and a comparison of techniques for diagnosis of canine echinococcosis. In: Andersen FL, Ouhelli H, Kachani M, eds.Compendium on Cystic Echinococcosis. Provo: Brigham Young University Print Services, 1997; 85118.
  • 19
    Zarzosa MP, Orduna Domingo A, Gutierrez P et al. Evaluation of six serological tests in diagnosis and postoperative control of pulmonary hydatid disease patients. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 1999; 35: 255 62.
  • 20
    Gadea I, Ayala G, Diago MT et al. Immunological diagnosis of human hydatid cyst relapse: utility of the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot and discriminant analysis. Clin Diagn Laboratory Immunol 2000; 7: 54952.
  • 21
    Aceti A, Pennica A, Teggi A et al. IgG subclasses in human hydatid disease: prominence of the IgG4 response. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1993; 102: 34751.
  • 22
    Lacey E. Mode of action of benzimidazole. Parasitol Today 1990; 6: 1125.
  • 23
    Coltorti EA. Standardization and evaluation of an enzyme immunoassay as a screening test for seroepidemiology of human hydatidosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1986; 35: 10005.
  • 24
    Craig PS. Detection of specific circulating antigen, immune complexes and antibodies in human hydatidosis from Turkana (Kenya) and Great Britain, by enzyme immunoassay. Parasit Immunol 1986; 8: 17188.
  • 25
    Matossian RM, Awar GN, Radwan H et al. Immune status during albendazole therapy for hydatidosis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 1992; 86: 6775.
  • 26
    Ravinder PT, Parija SC, Rao KS. Evaluation of human hydatid disease before and after surgery and chemotherapy by demonstration of hydatid antigens and antibodies in serum. J Med Microbiol 1997; 46: 85964.
  • 27
    Ortona E, Rigano R, Margutti P et al. Native and recombinant antigens in the immunodiagnosis of human cystic echinococcosis. Parasite Immunol 2000; 22: 5539.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3024.2000.00336.x
  • 28
    Force L, Torres JM, Carrillo A et al. Evaluation of eight serological tests in the diagnosis of human echinococcosis and follow-up. Clin Infect Dis 1992; 15: 47380.
  • 29
    Riganò R, Profumo E, Bruschi F et al. Modulation of human immune response by Echinococcus granulosus antigen B and its possible role in evading host defenses. Infect Immun 2001; 69: 28896.
  • 30
    McVie A, Ersfeld K, Rogan MT et al. Expression and immunological characterisation of Echinococcus granulosus recombinant antigen B for IgG4 subclass detection in human cystic echinococcosis. Acta Trop 1997; 67: 1935.
  • 31
    Shambesh MK, Craig PS, Wen H et al. IgG1 and IgG4 serum antibody responses in asymptomatic and clinically expressed cystic echinococcosis patients. Acta Trop 1997; 64: 5363.
  • 32
    Daeki AO, Craig P, Shambesh MK. IgG subclass antibody responses and the natural history of hepatic cystic echinococcosis in asymptomatic patients. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 2000; 94: 31928.
  • 33
    Bonifacino R, Carter SD, Craig PS et al. Assessment of the immunological surveillance value of humoral and lymphocyte assays in severe human cystic echinococcosis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2000; 94: 97102.
  • 34
    Guerri ML, Davila M, Rodriguez M et al. Utility of IgG subclasses in the diagnosis and follow up of hydatidosis. Enferm Infect Microbiol Clin 2000; 18: 2626.