SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Husby S, Foged N, Höst A, Svehag SE. Passage of dietary antigens into the blood of children with coeliac disease. Quantification and size distribution of absorbed antigens. Gut 1987; 28: 106272.
  • 2
    Kletter B, Gery I, Freier S, Davies AM. Immune responses of normal infants to cow milk. I. Antibody type and kinetics of production. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1971; 40: 65666.
  • 3
    Fällström SP, Ahlstedt S, Carlsson B, Lönnerdal B, Hanson LÅ. Serum antibodies against native, processed and digested cow's milk proteins in children with cow's milk protein intolerance. Clin Allergy 1986; 16: 41723.
  • 4
    Fälth-Magnusson K, Jansson G, Stenhammar L, Magnusson KE. Serum food antibodies analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and diffusion-in-gel (DIG)-ELISA methods in children with and without celiac disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1994; 18: 5662.
  • 5
    Labrooy JT, Hohmann AW, Davidson GP, Hetzel PA, Johnson RB, Shearman DJ. Intestinal and serum antibody in coeliac disease: a comparison using ELISA. Clin Exp Immunol 1986; 66: 6618.
  • 6
    Hvatum M, Scott H, Brandtzaeg P. Serum IgG subclass antibodies to a variety of food antigens in patients with coeliac disease. Gut 1992; 33: 6328.
  • 7
    Fällström SP, Ahlstedt S, Hanson LÅ. Specific antibodies in infants with gastrointestinal intolerance to cow's milk protein. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1978; 56: 97105.
  • 8
    Little CH, Georgiou GM, Shelton MJ, Cone RE. Production of serum immunoglobulins and T cell antigen binding molecules specific for cow's milk antigens in adults intolerant to cow's milk. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 1998; 89: 16070.
  • 9
    Lerner A, Rossi TM, Park B, Albini B, Lebenthal E. Serum antibodies to cow's milk proteins in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn's disease versus ulcerative colitis. Acta Paediatr Scand 1989; 78: 3849.
  • 10
    Knoflach P, Park BH, Cunningham R, Weiser MM, Albini B. Serum antibodies to cow's milk proteins in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology 1987; 92: 47985.
  • 11
    Przemioslo RT, Lundin KE, Sollid LM, Nelufer J, Ciclitira PJ. Histological changes in small bowel mucosa induced by gliadin-sensitive T lymphcytes can be blocked by anti-interferon-gamma antibody. Gut 1995; 36: 8749.
  • 12
    Webster AD, Slavin G, Shiner M, Platts-Mills TA, Asherson GL. Coeliac disease with severe hypogammaglobulinaemia. Gut 1981; 22: 1537.
  • 13
    Halstensen TS, Hvatum M, Scott H, Fausa O, Brandtzaeg P. Association of subepithelial deposition of activated complement and immunoglobulin G and M response to gluten in celiac disease. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 7519.
  • 14
    Saalman R, Wold AE, Dahlgren UI, Fällström SP, Hanson LÅ, Ahlstedt S. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity to gliadin-coated cells with sera from children with coeliac disease. Scand J Immunol 1998; 47: 3742.
  • 15
    Saalman R, Carlsson B, Fällström SP, Hanson LÅ, Ahlstedt S. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity to beta-lactoglobulin-coated cells with sera from children with intolerance of cow's milk protein. Clin Exp Immunol 1991; 85: 44652.
  • 16
    Karush F. Affinity and the immune response. Ann NY Acad Sci 1970; 169: 5664.
  • 17
    Steward MW, Lew AM. The importance of antibody affinity in the performance of immunoassays for antibody. J Immunol Meth 1985; 78: 17390.
  • 18
    Siskind GW, Benacerraf B, Goidl EA, Paul WE, Siskind GW, Benacerraf B. The effect of antigen dose and time after immunization on the amount and affinity of anti-hapten antibody. Adv Immunol 1969; 10: 150.
  • 19
    Griffiths GM, Berek C, Kaartinen M, Milstein C. Somatic mutation and the maturation of immune response to 2-phenyl oxazolone. Nature 1984; 312: 2715.
  • 20
    Fish S, Zenowich E, Fleming M, Manser T. Molecular analysis of original antigenic sin. I. Clonal selection, somatic mutation, and isotype switching during a memory B cell response. J Exp Med 1989; 170: 1191209.
  • 21
    Heino L, Lönnrot M, Knip M et al. No evidence of abnormal regulation of antibody response to coxackievirus B4 antigen in prediabetic children. Clin Exp Immunol 2001; 126: 4326.
  • 22
    Roost HP, Bachmann MF, Haag A et al. Early high-affinity neutralizing anti-viral IgG responses without further overall improvements of affinity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1995; 92: 125761.
  • 23
    Macario AJ, De Macario EC. Low and high affinity antibodies can alternate during the immune response. Nature 1973; 245: 2634.
  • 24
    Devey ME, Lee SR, Richards D, Kemeny DM. Serial studies on the functional affinity and heterogeneity of antibodies of different IgG subclasses to phospholipase A2 produced in response to bee-venom immunotherapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1989; 84: 32630.
  • 25
    Steward MW, Steensgaard J. Antibody affinity: thermodynamic aspects and biological significance. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., 1983.
  • 26
    Vermont CL, Van Dijken HH, Van Limpt CJP, De Groot R, Van Alpen L, Van Den Dobbelsteen GPJM. Antibody avidity and immunoglobulin G isotype distribution following immunization with a monovalent meningococcal B outer membrane vesicle vaccine. Infection Immunity 2002; 70: 58490.
  • 27
    Nossent JC, Huysen V, Smeenk RJ, Swaak AJ. Low avidity antibodies to dsDNA as a diagnostic tool. Ann Rheum Dis 1989; 48: 74852.
  • 28
    Devey ME, Bleasdale-Barr KM, McLachlan SM, Bradbury J, Clark F, Young ET. Serial studies on the affinity and heterogeneity of human autoantibodies to thyroglobulin. Clin Exp Immunol 1989; 77: 1915.
  • 29
    Meeuwisse G. Diagnostic criteria in coeliac disease. Acta Paediatr Scand 1970; 59: 4612.
  • 30
    Pullen GR, Fitzgerald MG, Hosking CS. Antibody avidity determination by ELISA using thiocyanate elution. J Immunol Meth 1986; 86: 837.
  • 31
    Roberton DM, Carlsson B, Coffman K et al. Avidity of IgA antibody to Escherichia coli polysaccharide and diphtheria toxin in breast milk from Swedish and Pakistani mothers. Scand J Immunol 1988; 28: 7839.
  • 32
    Luxton RW, Thompson EJ. Affinity distributions of antigen-specific IgG in patients with multiple sclerosis and in patients with viral encephalitis. J Immunol Meth 1990; 131: 27782.
  • 33
    Cardinale F, Friman V, Carlsson B, Björkander J, Armenio L, Hanson LÅ. Aberrations in titre and avidity of serum IgM and IgG antibodies to microbial and food antigens in IgA deficiency. Scand J Immunol 1992; 36: 27983.
  • 34
    Bradley J. Distribution-free statistical tests. In: Distribution-free statistical tests. London: Prentice Hall, 1968: 6886.
  • 35
    Mantel N. Chi-square tests with one degree of freedom; extentions of the Mantel–Haenszel procedure. J Am Statist Assoc 1963; 58: 690700.
  • 36
    Devey ME, Beckman S, Kemeny DM. The functional affinities of antibodies of different IgG subclasses to dietary antigens in mothers and their babies. Clin Exp Immunol 1993; 94: 11721.
  • 37
    Husby S, Mestecky J, Moldoveanu Z, Holland S, Elson CO. Oral tolerance in humans. T cell but not B cell tolerance after antigen feeding. J Immunol 1994; 152: 466370.
  • 38
    Lew AM, Anders RF, Edwards SJ, Langford CJ. Comparison of antibody avidity and titre elicited by peptide as a protein conjugate or as expressed in vaccinia. Immunology 1988; 65: 3114.
  • 39
    Steward MW, Petty RE. The use of ammonium sulphate globulin precipitation for determination of affinity of anti-protein antibodies in mouse serum. Immunology 1972; 22: 74756.
  • 40
    Husby S, Höst A, Teisner B, Svehag SE. Infants and children with cow milk allergy/intolerance. Investigation of the uptake of cow milk protein and activation of the complement system. Allergy 1990; 45: 54751.
  • 41
    Foote J, Milstein C. Kinetic maturation of an immune response. Nature 1991; 352: 5302.
  • 42
    Troncone R, Gianfrani C, Mazzarella G et al. Majority of gliadin-specific T-cell clones from celiac small intestinal mucosa produce interferon-gamma and interleukin-4. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 15661.
  • 43
    Holland GP, Holland N, Steward MW. Interferon-gamma potentiates antibody affinity in mice with a genetically controlled defect in affinity maturation. Clin Exp Immunol 1990; 82: 2216.
  • 44
    Devey ME, Bleasdale B-KM, Bird P, Amlot PL. Antibodies of different human IgG subclasses show distinct patterns of affinity maturation after immunization with keyhole limpet haemocyanin[published erratum appears in Immunology 1990 September; 71: 152]. Immunology 1990; 70: 16874.
  • 45
    Persson MA, Brown SE, Steward MW et al. IgG subclass-associated affinity differences of specific antibodies in humans. J Immunol 1988; 140: 38759.
  • 46
    Husby S, Foged N, Oxelius V, Svehag S. Serum IgG subclass antibodies to gliadin and other dietary antigens in children with coeliac disease. Clin Exp Immunol 1986; 64: 52635.
  • 47
    Saalman R, Dahlgren UI, Fällström SP, Hanson LÅ, Wold AE, Ahlstedt S. ADCC-mediating capacity in children with cow's milk protein intolerance in relation to subclass profile of serum antibodies to beta-lactoglobulin. Scand J Immunol 1995; 42: 1406.
  • 48
    Steward MW, Reinhardt MC, Staines NA. The genetic control of antibody affinity. Evidence from breeding studies with mice selectively bred for either high or low affinity antibody production. Immunology 1979; 37: 697703.