Factors which influence the facial nerve outcome in vestibular schwannoma surgery


P.L. Grey ENT Dept, Box 48, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK.


A series of 276 patients with a unilateral vestibular schwannoma has been analysed with respect to the factors affecting post-operative facial nerve outcome. Age, tumour size, operative approach and the use of intra-operative facial nerve monitoring have been examined. The tumours were removed via either a translabyrinthine or a retrosigmoid approach. In this series increasing age and increasing tumour size were associated with a worse facial nerve outcome. The use of intra-operative facial nerve monitoring and the retrosigmoid approach were both associated with a better facial nerve outcome. Those patients having a retrosigmoid approach had a facial nerve result that was over one House grade better than those having translabyrinthine tumour removal.