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Keywords:

  • seasonal allergic rhinitis;
  • histamine provocation;
  • mucosal reactivity;
  • nasal peak expiratory flow;
  • nasal peak inspiratory flow

The aim of this study was to investigate the reactivity of the nasal mucosa of patients with pollen allergy compared to healthy controls, when challenged with histamine outside the pollen season. Assessments were made with symptom score, acoustic rhinometry, nasal peak expiratory and inspiratory flow (NPEF and NPIF) and rhinomanometry in order to find the most sensitive method for the purpose. Twenty-one patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and 20 healthy controls were challenged with histamine dihydrochloride in increasing concentrations (0.01, 0.1, 1.0 mg/ml) locally in the nose. Our results show no difference in mucosal reactivity between the patients and controls regardless of the method used. When comparing the methods we find that NPIF and NPEF are more sensitive to mucosal changes than the other methods we have studied.