Cardiovascular response during head-up tilt in chronic fatigue syndrome

Authors

  • LaManca,

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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  • Peckerman,

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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  • Walker,

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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  • Kesil,

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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  • Cook,

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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  • Taylor,

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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  • Natelson

    1. CFS Cooperative Research Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, Department of Neuroscience
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LaManca NJ Medical School, 88 Ross Street, East Orange, NJ 07018, USA

Abstract

This study examined the cardiovascular response to orthostatic challenge, and incidence and mechanisms of neurally mediated hypotension in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) during a head-up tilt test. Stoke volume was obtained by a thoracic impedance cardiograph, and continuous heart rate and blood pressure were recorded during a 45-min 70° head-up tilt test. Thirty-nine CFS patients and 31 healthy physically inactive control subjects were studied. A positive tilt, i.e. a drop in systolic blood pressure openface> 25 mmHg, no concurrent increase in heart rate and/or development of presyncopal symptoms, was seen in 11 CFS patients and 12 control subjects (P>0·05). During baseline and the first 5 min of head-up tilt, CFS patients had higher heart rate and smaller pulsatile-systolic area than control subjects (P<0·05). Among subjects who completed the test, those with CFS had higher heart rate and smaller stroke volume (P<0·05) than corresponding control subjects. When comparing those who had a positive test outcome in each group, CFS patients had higher heart rates and lower pulse pressure and pulsatile-systolic areas during the last 4 min before being returned to supine (P<0·05). These data show that there are baseline differences in the cardiovascular profiles of CFS patients when compared with control subjects and that this profile is maintained during head-up tilt. However, the frequency of positive tilts and the haemodynamic adjustments made to this orthostatic challenge are not different between groups.

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