SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alstad, D.N. & Corbin, K.W. (October 2002) Scale insect allozyme differentiation within and between host trees. Evolutionary Ecology, 4, 4356.
  • Alstad, D.N. & Edmunds, G.F. (1989) Adaptation, host specificity and gene flow in the black pineleaf scale. Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems (ed. by R. F.Denno and M. S.McClure), pp. 413426. Academic Press, New York.
  • Andow, R., Baker, J. & Lane, C.P. (1994) Karner Blue Butterfly: Symbol of a Vanishing Landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Minnesota, St Paul, U.S.A.
  • Arnold, R.A. (1993) The Lotis Blue, Lycaeides idas lotis (Lintner). Conservation Biology of the Lycaenidae (Butterflies ) (ed. by T. R.New), pp. 143144. Occasional Paper of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Species Survival Commission no. 8, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Blaney, W.M. & Simmonds, M.S.J. (1990) A behavioral and electrophysiological study of the role of tarsal chemoreceptors in feeding by adults of Spodoptera, Heliothis virescens and Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Insect Physiology, 36, 743756.
  • Bolton, J.L., Goplen, B.P. & Baenziger, H. (1972) World distribution and historical developments. Alfalfa Science and Technology, Agronomy Monograph no. 15. (ed. by C. H.Hanson), pp. 126. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Bossart, J.L. & Scriber, J.M. (1995) Genetic variation in oviposition preference in tiger swallowtail butterflies: interspecific, interpopulation and interindividual comparisons. The Swallowtail Butterflies: their Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (ed. by J. M.Scriber, Y.Tsubaki and R. C.Lederhouse), pp. 183193. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, Florida.
  • Bush, G.L. (1969) Sympatric host race formation and speciation in frugivorous flies in the genus Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Evolution, 23, 237251.
  • Butlin, R.K. & Tregenza, T. (1998) Levels of genetic polymorphism: marker loci versus quantitative traits. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 353, 187198.
  • Conover, W.J. (1999) Practical Nonparametric Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • Craig, T.P., Itami, J.K., Abrahamson, W.G. & Horner, J.D. (1993) Behavioral evidence for host-race formation in Eurosta solidaginsis. Evolution, 47, 16961710.
  • Dieckmann, U. & Doebeli, M. (1999) On the origin of species by sympatric speciation. Nature, 400, 354357.
  • Diehl, S.R. & Bush, G.L. (1989) The role of habitat preference in adaptation and speciation. Speciation and its Consequences (ed. by D.Otte and J. A.Endler), pp. 345365. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Dobler, S. & Farrell, B.D. (1999) Host use evolution in Chrysochus milkweed beetles: evidence from behaviour, population genetics and phylogeny. Molecular Ecology, 8, 12971307.
  • Downie, D.A. (2000) Patterns of genetic variation in native grape phylloxera on two sympatric host species. Molecular Ecology, 9, 505514.
  • Edmunds, G.F. & Alstad, D.N. (1978) Coevolution in insect herbivores and conifers. Science, 199, 941945.
  • Emilianov, I., Drès, M., Baltensweiler, W. & Mallet, J. (2001) Host-induced assortative mating in host races of the larch budmoth. Evolution, 55, 20022010.
  • Excoffier, L., Smouse, P.E. & Quattro, J.M. (1992) Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics, 131, 479491.
  • Feder, J.L. (1998) The apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella: flies in the face of conventional wisdom about speciation? Endless Forms, Species and Speciation (ed. by D. J.Howard and S. H.Berlocher), pp. 130144. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Feder, J.L., Berlocher, S.H. & Opp, S.B. (1998) Sympatric host race formation and speciation in Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae): a tale of two species for Charles D. Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History and Behavior (ed. by S.Mopper and S.Strauss), pp. 408441. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Fisher, R.A. (1935) The logic of inductive inference. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 98, 3954.
  • Fox, L. & Morrow, P.A. (1981) Specialization: species property or local phenomenon? Science, 211, 887893.
  • Funk, D.J. (1998) Isolating a role for natural selection in speciation: host adaptation and sexual isolation in Neochlamisus bebbianae leaf beetles. Evolution, 52, 17441759.
  • Groman, J.D. & Pellmyr, O. (2000) Rapid evolution and specialization following host colonization in a yucca moth. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 13, 223236.
  • Hanks, L.M. & Denno, R.F. (1994) Evidence for local adaptation in the armored scale insect Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Ecology, 75, 23012310.
  • Hatfield, T. & Schluter, D. (1999) Ecological speciation in sticklebacks: environment dependent hybrid fitness. Evolution, 53, 866873.
  • Hopkins, A.D. (1917) A discussion of CG Hewitt's paper on ‘Insects behavior’. Journal of Economic Entomology, 10, 9293.
  • Itami, J.K., Craig, T.P. & Horner, J.D. (1998) Factors effecting gene flow between host races of Eurosta solidaginsis. Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History and Behavior (ed. by S.Mopper and S.Strauss), pp. 375407. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Johnson, P.A., Hoppensteadt, F.C., Smith, J.J. & Bush, G.L. (1996) Conditions for sympatric speciation: a diploid model incorporating habitat fidelity and non-habitat assortative mating. Evolutionary Ecology, 10, 187205.
  • Karban, R. (1989) Fine-scale adaptation of herbivorous thrips to individual host plants. Nature, 340, 6061.
  • King, R.S. (1998) Dispersal of karner blue butterflies (Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov) at Necedah National Wildlife Refuge. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, 86, 101110.
  • Kliman, R., Andolfatto, P., Coyne, J., Depaulis, F., Kreitman, M., Berry, A. et al. (2000) The population genetics of the origin and divergence of the Drosophila simulans complex species. Genetics, 156, 19131931.
  • Kondrashov, A.S. & Kondrashov, F.A. (1999) Interactions among quantitative traits in the course of sympatric speciation. Nature, 400, 351354.
  • Kuussaari, M., Singer, M. & Hanski, I. (2000) Local specialization and landscape-level influence on host use in an herbivorous insect. Ecology, 81, 21772187.
  • Lewis, P.O. & Zaykin, D. (1997) Genetic data analysis, version 1.0 computer program, http://lewis.eeb.uconn.edu/lewishome/gda.html
  • Maynard Smith, J. (1966) Sympatric speciation. American Naturalist, 100, 637650.
  • McCauley, D.E. & Eanes, W.F. (1987) Hierarchical population structure analysis of the milkweed beetle, Tetraopes tetraophthalmus (Forster). Heredity, 58, 193201.
  • Michaud, R., Lehman, W.F. & Rumbaugh, M.D. (1988) World distribution and historical developments. Alfalfa and Alfalfa Improvement, Agronomy Monograph no. 29 (ed. by A. A.Hanson, D. K.Barnes and R. R.Hill), pp. 2556. ASA-CSSA-SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Mopper, S., Beck, M., Simberloff, D. & Stiling, P. (1995) Local adaptation and agents of selection in a mobile insect. Evolution, 49, 810815.
  • Nabokov, V. (1949) The nearctic members of Lycaeides Hübner (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 101, 479540.
  • Neigel, J.E. & Avise, J.C. (1986) Phylogenetic relationships of mitochondrial DNA under various demographic models of speciation. Evolutionary Processes and Theory (ed. by E.Nevo and S.Karlin), pp. 515534. Academic Press, New York.
  • Nice, C.C. & Shapiro, A.M. (1999) Molecular and morphological divergence in the butterfly genus Lycaeides (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in North America: evidence of recent speciation. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 12, 936951.
  • Nice, C.C. & Shapiro, A.M. (2001) Population genetic evidence of restricted gene flow between host races in the butterfly genus Mitoura (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 94, 257267.
  • Orr, M.R. & Smith, T.B. (1998) Ecology and speciation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 502506.
  • Papaj, D.R. (1986) Conditioning of leaf-shape discrimination by chemical cues in the butterfly, Battus philenor. Animal Behavior, 34, 12811288.
  • Pellmyr, O. (1982) Plebian courtship revisited: studies on the female-produced male behavior-eliciting signals in Lycaeides idas courtship (Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 21, 147157.
  • Peterson, A.T., Soberón, J. & Sánchez-Cordero, V. (1999) Conservatism of ecological niches in evolutionary time. Science, 285, 12651267.
  • Peterson, M.A. & Denno, R.F. (1998) Life-history strategies and genetic structure of phytophagous insect populations. Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History and Behavior (ed. by S.Mopper and S.Strauss), pp. 263322. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Potvin, C. & Roff, D.A. (1993) Distribution-free and robust statistical methods: viable alternatives to parametric statistics? Ecology, 74, 16171728.
  • Radtkey, R.R. & Singer, M.C. (1995) Repeated reversals of host preference evolution in a specialist insect herbivore. Evolution, 49, 351359.
  • Rank, N.E. (1992) A hierarchical analysis of genetic differentiation in a montane leaf beetle Chrysomella aeneicollis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Evolution, 46, 10971111.
  • Rausher, M.D. (1984) The evolution of habitat preference in subdivided populations. Evolution, 38, 596608.
  • Raymond, M. & Rousset, F. (1995a) GENEPOP (version 1.2): population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. Journal of Heredity, 86, 248249.
  • Raymond, M. & Rousset, F. (1995b) An exact test for population differentiation. Evolution, 49, 12801283.
  • Rice, W.R. (1987) Speciation via habitat specialization: the evolution of reproductive isolation as a correlated character. Evolutionary Ecology, 1, 301314.
  • Rice, W.R. & Hostert, E.E. (1993) Laboratory experiments on speciation: what have we learned in 40 years? Evolution, 47, 16371653.
  • Robbins, R.K. (1982) How many butterfly species? News of the Lepidopterist's Society, 1982, 4041.
  • Roessingh, P., Städler, E., Schöni, R. & Feeny, P. (1991) Tarsal contact chemoreceptors of the black swallowtail butterfly Papilio polyxenes: responses to phytochemicals from host- and non-host plants. Physiological Entomology, 16, 485495.
  • Rosenzweig, M.L. (1987) Habitat selection as a source of biological diversity. Evolutionary Ecology, 1, 315330.
  • Rundle, H.D., Nagel, L., Wenrick Boughman, J. & Schluter, D. (2000) Natural selection and parallel speciation in sympatric sticklebacks. Science, 287, 306308.
  • Sall, J., Lehman, A. & Creighton, L. (2001) JMP Start Statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Pacific Grove, California.
  • Schluter, D. (1998) Ecological causes of speciation. Endless Forms, Species and Speciation (ed. by D. J.Howard and S. H.Berlocher), pp. 114129. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Scott, J.A. (1986) The Butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.
  • Simon, C., Frati, F., Beckenbach, A., Crespi, B., Hong, L. & Flook, P. (1994) Evolution, weighting, and phylogenetic utility of mitochondrial gene sequences and a compilation of conserved polymerase chain reaction primers. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 87, 651701.
  • Singer, M.C. & Thomas, C.D. (1996) Evolutionary responses of a butterfly metapopulation to human- and climate-caused environmental variation. American Naturalist, 148 (Suppl.), S9S39.
  • Singer, M.C., Thomas, C.D. & Parmesan, C. (1993) Rapid human-induced evolution of insect–host associations. Nature, 366, 681683.
  • Sperling, F.A.H. (1994) Sex-linked genes and species differences in Lepidoptera. Canadian Entomologist, 126, 807818.
  • Sperling, F.A.H. & Harrison, R.G. (1994) Mitochondrial DNA variation within and between species of the Papilio machaon group of swallowtail butterflies. Evolution, 48, 408422.
  • Sperling, F.A.H. & Hickey, D.A. (1994) Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in the spruce budworm species complex (Choristoneura: Lepidoptera). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 11, 656665.
  • Stanton, M.L. (1979) The role of chemotactile stimuli in the oviposition preference of Colias butterflies. Animal Behavior, 32, 3340.
  • Swofford, D. (1993) PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (and Other Methods), Version 4.0. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Szentesi, A. & Jermy, T. (1990) The role of experience in host plant choice by phytophagous insects. Insect–plant Interactions, Vol. 2 (ed. by E. A.Bernays), pp. 3974. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Tabashnik, B.E., Wheelock, H., Rainbolt, J.D. & Watt, W. (1981) Individual variation in oviposition preference in the butterfly, Colias eurytheme. Oecologia, 50, 225230.
  • Tauber, C.A. & Tauber, M.J. (1977) A genetic model for sympatric speciation through habitat diversification and seasonal isolation. Nature, 268, 702705.
  • Tauber, C.A. & Tauber, M.J. (1989) Sympatric speciation in insects: perception and perspective. Speciation and its Consequences (ed. by D.Otte and J. A.Endler), pp. 307344. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Thompson, J.N. (1993) Preference hierarchies and the origin of geographic specialization in host use in swallowtail butterflies. Evolution, 47, 15851594.
  • Thompson, J.N. (1994) The Coevolutionary Process. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
  • Thompson, J.N. (1999) The evolution of species interactions. Science, 284, 21162118.
  • Thompson, J.N. & Pellmyr, O. (1991) Evolution of oviposition behavior and host preference in Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 36, 6589.
  • Ting, C.-T., Tsaur, S.-C. & Wu, C.-I. (2000) The phylogeny of closely related species as revealed by the genealogy of a speciation gene. Odysseus Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 97, 53135316.
  • Tong, M.L. & Shapiro, A.M. (1989) Genetic differentiation among California populations of the anise swallowtail butterfly, Papilio zelicaon Lucas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 43, 217228.
  • Traxler, M.A. & Joern, A. (1999) Performance tradeoffs for two hosts within and between populations of the oligophagous grasshopper Herperotettix viridis (Acrididae). Oikos, 87, 239250.
  • Via, S. (1989) Field estimation of variation in host plant use between local populations of pea aphids from two crops. Ecological Entomology, 14, 357364.
  • Weir, B.S. (1996) Genetic Data Analysis. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Weir, B.S. & Cockerham, C.C. (1984) Estimating F-statistics for the analysis of population structure. Evolution, 38, 13581370.
  • Whitlock, M.C. (1999) Neutral additive genetic variance in a metapopulation. Genetical Research, 74, 215221.
  • Wiklund, C. (1974) Oviposition preferences in Papilio machaon in reaction to host plants of the larvae. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, 17, 189197.
  • Wiklund, C. (1982) Generalist versus specialist utilization of host plants among butterflies. Insect–plant Relationships (ed. by J. H.Visser and A. K.Minks), pp. 181191. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
  • Wood, T.K., Tilmon, K.J., Shantz, A.B., Harris, C.K. & Pesek, J. (1999) The role of host-plant fidelity in initiating insect race formation. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 1, 317332.