• construction time performance;
  • procurement;
  • risk;
  • team behaviour

Construction time performance (CTP) factors recently identified in work commissioned by the Construction Industry Institute Australia (CIIA) indicate that project team effectiveness significantly influences CTP. Project complexity also was found to significantly contribute to CTP. However, no residential projects were studied in that survey. This paper reports upon CTP research undertaken into Australian multi-unit residential construction that fills this theory gap. Results indicate that the construction management (CM) team's effectiveness in managing the construction process has a major but not predominant role in influencing CTP. Team communication effectiveness and teamwork factors are also essential factors influencing CTP. Other factors found to affect CTP include: design team's management style; intra-team working relationships; the degree of experience and expertise for the same type and size of project; procurement method; and the level of the CM team's current workload.