Type I collagen markers in cord serum of appropriate vs. small for gestational age infants born during the second half of pregnancy
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2001
European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 438–443, May 2001
How to Cite
Saarela, T., Risteli, J., Kauppila, A. and Koivisto, M. (2001), Type I collagen markers in cord serum of appropriate vs. small for gestational age infants born during the second half of pregnancy. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 31: 438–443. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2362.2001.00821.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2001
- Received 20 April 2000; accepted 5 January 2001
- Collagen degradation;
- collagen synthesis;
- fetal growth;
Background The serum concentration of the N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) reflects the synthesis rate of type I collagen, whereas the corresponding C-terminal telopeptide (ICTP) mirrors its degradation.
Design PINP and ICTP were measured in a total of 690 cord serum samples from 592 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants and 98 smal-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. These markers were compared between AGA and SGA infants of different gestational ages, ranging from 23 to 41 weeks, and birth weights, from 620 to 4555 g.
Results Both PINP and ICTP levels were very high in the preterm AGA infants and declined significantly with advancing gestational age, paralleling the shape of the fetal growth velocity curve. Regardless of the quite large interindividual variations observed in these markers, PINP was significantly lower in both the preterm and term AGA infants than in the SGA infants. This was also the case for ICTP in the preterm infants of gestational age less than 36 weeks. In stepwise multiple regression analyses, gestational age, being either AGA or SGA and head circumference were significant factors to explain the levels of PINP and ICTP. The levels of PINP and ICTP were correlated with each other highly significantly in both the AGA and SGA infants (rs = 0·700 and 0·692, respectively; P < 0·001 in both).
Conclusions The levels of type I collagen markers seem to follow closely the shape of the fetal growth velocity curve during different stages of gestation. However, because of the large interindividual variations observed, further studies are needed before the significance of these markers for the assessment of normal and abnormal fetal growth can be established.