Department of Human Anatomy and Histology (D. Ribatti, B. Nico) and Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology (A. Vacca), University of Bari Medical School, Bari; Department of Cytomorphology, University of Cagliari Medical School, Cagliari (M. G. Ennas, F. Ferreli, P. Sirigu); Oncology Hospital, Cagliari (S. Orru), Italy.
Tumor vascularity and tryptase-positive mast cells correlate with a poor prognosis in melanoma
Article first published online: 25 APR 2003
European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Volume 33, Issue 5, pages 420–425, May 2003
How to Cite
Ribatti, D., Ennas, M. G., Vacca, A., Ferreli, F., Nico, B., Orru, S. and Sirigu, P. (2003), Tumor vascularity and tryptase-positive mast cells correlate with a poor prognosis in melanoma. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 33: 420–425. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2362.2003.01152.x
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2003
- Article first published online: 25 APR 2003
- Received 8 October 2002; accepted 8 January 2003
- mast cells;
See commentary on page 361.
Background The importance of angiogenesis in melanoma has been controversial and is not homogeneous. Mast cell density (MCD) is highly correlated with the extent of both normal and pathological angiogenesis, such as that in chronic inflammatory diseases and tumours.
Methods We evaluated the prognostic significance of tumour microvascular density (MVD) and MCD in 25 advanced melanoma patients after resection and a 4–5-year follow up: 48% of the patients were alive and free of metastases (good prognostic subgroup); 16% had developed regional nodal metastases (intermediate prognostic subgroup); and 36% had died (poor prognostic subgroup). Tissues samples were investigated immunohistochemically to count microvessels and mast cells with an antifactor VIII and an antitryptase antibody, respectively.
Results Immunohistological staining showed a higher number of microvessels and mast cells in melanoma lesions of poor prognosis as compared with intermediate prognosis and with good prognosis, respectively.
Conclusions These data agree with those showing a close relationship between MCD and angiogenesis during tumour progression and demonstrate, for the first time, a prognostic significance of MCD in human melanoma.