SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Abrams, P.A. (1991) Life history and the relationship between food availability and foraging effort. Ecology 12, 12421252.
  • 2
    Andersen, A.N. (1992) Regulation of ‘momentary’ diversity by dominant species in exceptionally rich ant communities of the Australian seasonal tropics. American Naturalist 12, 401420.
  • 3
    Baroni-Urbani, C., Bolton, B., Ward, P. (1992) The internal phylogeny of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 12, 301329.
  • 4
    Bednekoff, P.A. & Houston, A.I. (1994) Dynamic models of mass-dependent predation, risk-sensitive foraging, and premigratory fattening in birds. Ecology 12, 11311140.
  • 5
    Briese, D.T. & Macauley, B.J. (1980) Temporal structure of an ant community in semi-arid Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 12, 121134.
  • 6
    Caraco, T., Martindale, S., Whittam, T.S. (1980) An empirical demonstration of risk-sensitive foraging preferences. Animal Behaviour 12, 820831.
  • 7
    Caraco, T., Blanckenhorn, W.U., Gregory, G.M., Newman, J.A., Recer, G.M., Zwicker, S.M. (1990) Risk-sensitivity: ambient temperature affects foraging choice. Animal Behaviour 12, 338345.
  • 8
    Cartar, R.W. (1991) Colony energy requirements affect response to predation risk in foraging bumble bees. Ethology 12, 9096.
  • 9
    Cerdá, X., Bosch, J., Alsina, A., Retana, J. (1988) Dietary spectrum and activity patterns of Aphaenogaster senilis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annales de la Société entomologique de France 12, 6975.
  • 10
    Cerdá, X. & Retana, J. (1994) Food exploitation patterns of two sympatric seed-harvesting ants Messor bouvieri (Bond.) and Messor capitatus (Latr.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Spain. Journal of Applied Entomology 12, 268277.
  • 11
    Cerdá, X. & Retana, J. (1997) Links between worker polymorphism and thermal biology in a thermophilic ant species. Oikos 12, 467474.
  • 12
    Cerdá, X., Retana, J., Bosch, J., Alsina, A. (1989) Daily foraging activity and food collection of the thermophilic ant Cataglyphis cursor (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Vie et Milieu 12, 207212.
  • 13
    Cerdá, X., Retana, J., Cros, S. (1997) Thermal disruption of transitive hierarchies in Mediterranean ant communities. Journal of Animal Ecology 12, 363374.
  • 14
    Christian, K.A. & Morton, S.R. (1992) Extreme thermophilia in a Central Australian ant, Melophorus bagoti. Physiological Zoology 12, 885905.
  • 15
    Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1989) Temperature and activity of ants and other insects in Central Australia. Journal of Arid Environments 12, 185192.
  • 16
    Cokendolpher, J.C. & Phillips, S.A. (1990) Critical thermal limits and locomotor activity of the red imported fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Environmental Entomology 12, 878881.
  • 17
    Cros, S., Retana, J., Cerdá, X. (1997) Spatial and temporal variations in the activity patterns of Mediterranean ant communities. Ecoscience 12, 269278.
  • 18
    De Bie, G. & Hewitt, P.H. (1990) Thermal responses of the semi-arid zone ants Ocymyrmex weitzeckeri (Emery) and Anoplolepis custodiens (Smith). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 12, 6573.
  • 19
    Dreisig, H. (1980) Daily activity, thermoregulation and water loss in the tiger beetle Cicindela hybrida. Oecologia 12, 376389.
  • 20
    Dreisig, H. (1985) A time budget model of thermoregulation in shuttling ectotherms. Journal of Arid Environments 12, 191205.
  • 21
    Fellers, J.H. (1989) Daily and seasonal activity in woodland ants. Oecologia 12, 6976.
  • 22
    Fewell, J.H. (1990) Directional fidelity as a foraging constraint in the western harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis. Oecologia 12, 4551.
  • 23
    Grafen, A. (1989) The phylogenetic regression. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (Biology) 12, 119156.
  • 24
    Ha, J.C. (1991) Risk-sensitive foraging: the role of ambient temperature and foraging time. Animal Behaviour 12, 528529.
  • 25
    Harvey, P.H. (1996) Phylogenies for ecologists. Journal of Animal Ecology 12, 255263.
  • 26
    Harvey, P.H. & Pagel, M.D. (1991) The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 27
    Heatwole, H. & Harrington, S. (1989) Heat tolerances of some ants and beetles from the pre-Saharan steppe of Tunisia. Journal of Arid Environments 12, 6977.
  • 28
    Heatwole, H. & Muir, R. (1989) Seasonal and daily activity of ants in the pre-Saharan steppe of Tunisia. Journal of Arid Environments 12, 4967.
  • 29
    Heinrich, B. (1993) The Hot-blooded Insects. Strategies and Mechanisms of Thermoregulation. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • 30
    Herbers, J.M. (1985) Seasonal structuring of a north temperate ant community. Insectes Sociaux 12, 224240.
  • 31
    Herbers, J.M. (1989) Community structure in north temperate ants: temporal and spatial variation. Oecologia 12, 201211.
  • 32
    Hertz, P.E., Huey, R.B., Garland, T. (1988) Time budgets, thermoregulation, and maximal locomotor performance: are reptiles olympians or boy scouts? American Zoologist 12, 927938.
  • 33
    Hood, W.G. & Tschinkel, W.R. (1990) Desiccation resistance in arboreal and terrestrial ants. Physiological Entomology 12, 2335.
  • 34
    Huey, R.B. & Kingsolver, J.G. (1989) Evolution of thermal sensitivity of ectotherm performance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12, 131135.
  • 35
    Huey, R.B. & Kingsolver, J.G. (1993) Evolution of resistance to high temperature in ectotherms. American Naturalist142, S21-S46.
  • 36
    Huey, R.B. & Stevenson, R.D. (1979) Integrating thermal physiology and ecology of ectotherms: a discussion of approaches. American Zoologist 12, 357366.
  • 37
    Hughes, J.J., Ward, D., Perrin, M.R. (1994) Predation risk and competition affect habitat selection and activity of Namib desert gerbils. Ecology 12, 13971405.
  • 38
    Kaspari, M. (1993) Body size and microclimate use in neotropical granivorous ants. Oecologia 12, 500507.
  • 39
    Krebs, J.R. & Kacelnik, A. (1991) Decision-making. Behavioural ecology: an evolutionary approach (eds J. R. Krebs & N. B. Davis), pp. 105–136. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • 40
    Lighton, J.R.B. & Feener, D.H. (1989) Water-loss rate and cuticular permeability in foragers of the desert ant Pogonomyrmex rugosus. Physiological Zoology 12, 12321256.
  • 41
    Lima, S.L. & Dill, L.M. (1990) Behavioural decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 12, 619640.
  • 42
    Lima, S.L., Valone, T.J., Caraco, T. (1985) Foraging-efficiency–predation-risk tradeoff in the grey squirrel. Animal Behaviour 12, 155165.
  • 43
    López, F., Serrano, J.M., Acosta, F. (1992) Temperature-vegetation structure interaction: The effect on the activity of the ant. Messor barbarus L. Vegetatio 12, 119128.
  • 44
    Lynch, J.F. (1981) Seasonal, successional and segregation in a Maryland ant community. Oikos 12, 183198.
  • 45
    Lynch, J.F., Balinsky, E.C., Vail, S.G. (1980) Foraging patterns in three sympatric forest ant species, Prenolepis imparis, Paratrechina melanderi, and Aphaenogaster rudis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ecological Entomology 12, 353371.
  • 46
    Lynch, J.F., Johnson, A.K., Balinsky, E.C. (1988) Spatial and temporal variation in the abundance and diversity of ants (Hymenoptera Formicidae) in the soil and litter layers of a Maryland forest. American Midland Naturalist 12, 3144.
  • 47
    MacKay, W.P., Silva, S., Lightfoot, D.C., Inez-Pagani, M., Whitford, W.G. (1986) Effect of increased soil moisture and reduced soil temperature on a desert soil arthropod community. American Midland Naturalist 12, 4556.
  • 48
    Marsh, A.C. (1985a) Microclimatic factors influencing foraging patterns and success of the thermophilic desert ant, Ocymyrmex barbiger. Insectes Sociaux 12, 286296.
  • 49
    Marsh, A.C. (1985b) Thermal responses and temperature tolerance in a diurnal desert ant, Ocymyrmex barbiger. Physiological Zoology 12, 629636.
  • 50
    Marsh, A.C. (1988) Activity patterns of some Namib desert ants. Journal of Arid Environments 12, 6173.
  • 51
    McKillup, S.C. & McKillup, R.V. (1994) The decision to feed by a scavenger in relation to the risks of predation and starvation. Oecologia 12, 4148.
  • 52
    Nonacs, P. (1990) Death in the distance: mortality risk as information for foraging ants. Behaviour 12, 2335.
  • 53
    Nonacs, P. & Dill, L.M. (1988) Foraging response of the ant Lasius pallitarsis to food sources with associated mortality risk. Insectes Sociaux 12, 293303.
  • 54
    Nonacs, P. & Dill, L.M. (1990) Mortality risk vs. food quality trade-off in a common currency: ant patch preferences. Ecology 12, 18861892.
  • 55
    O'neill, K.M. & Kemp, W.P. (1990) Worker response to thermal constraints in the ant Formica obscuripes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Thermal Biology 12, 133140.
  • 56
    Purvis, A. & Rambaut, A. (1995) Comparative analysis by independent contrasts (CAIC): an Apple Macintosh application for analysing comparative data. Computer Applications in the Biosciences 12, 247251.
  • 57
    Real, L.A. & Caraco, T. (1986) Risk and foraging in stochastic environments: theory and evidence. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 12, 371390.
  • 58
    Retana, J., Cerdá, X., Alsina, A., Bosch, J. (1988) Field observations of the ant Camponotus sylvaticus (Hym: Formicidae): diet and activity patterns. Acta Oecologica Oecologia Generalis 12, 101109.
  • 59
    Ricklefs, R.E. & Starck, J.M. (1996) Applications of phylogenetically independent contrasts: a mixed progress report. Oikos 12, 167172.
  • 60
    Riechert, S.E. (1991) Prey abundance vs. diet breadth in a spider test system. Evolutionary Ecology 12, 327338.
  • 61
    Rissing, S.W. & Pollock, G.B. (1984) Worker size variability and foraging efficiency in Veromessor pergandei (Hym.: Formicidae). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 12, 121126.
  • 62
    Samways, M.J. (1990) Species temporal variability: epigaeic ant assemblages and management for abundance and scarcity. Oecologia 12, 482490.
  • 63
    Stephens, D.W. & Krebs, J.R. (1986) Foraging Theory. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • 64
    Vepsäläinen, K. & Savolainen, R. (1990) The effect of interference by formicine ants on the foraging of Myrmica. Journal of Animal Ecology 12, 327335.
  • 65
    Wehner, R. (1987) Spatial organization of foraging behavior in individually searching desert ants, Cataglyphis (Sahara desert) and Ocymyrmex (Namibia desert). From Individual to Collective Behavior in Social Insects (eds J. M. Pasteels & J. L. Deneubourg), pp. 15–42. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel.
  • 66
    Wehner, R., Harkness, R.D., Schmid-Hempel, P. (1983) Foraging Strategies in Individually Searching Ants, Cataglyphis bicolor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.
  • 67
    Wehner, R., Marsh, A.C., Wehner, S. (1992) Desert ants on a thermal tightrope. Nature 12, 586587.
  • 68
    Whitford, W.G., Kay, C.A., Schumaker, A.M. (1975) Water loss in Chihuahuan desert ants. Physiological Zoology 12, 390397.
  • 69
    Whitford, W.G., Deprée, E., Johnson, P. (1980) Foraging ecology of two Chihuahuan desert ant species: Novomessor cockerelli and Novomessor albisetosus. Insectes Sociaux 12, 148156.