SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Allander, K. (1995) Parasite impact on reproductive success in the Great Tit, Parus major. PhD thesis, Uppsala University.
  • 2
    Bennett, G.F., Peirce, M.A., Ashford, R.W. (1993) Avian Haematozoa: mortality and pathogenicity. Journal of Natural History 12, 9931001.
  • 3
    Dabbert, C.B., Lochmiller, R.L., Teeter, R.G. (1997) Effects of acute thermal stress on the immune system of the Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus). Auk 12, 103109.
  • 4
    Deerenberg, C.M. (1996) Parental energy and fitness costs in birds. PhD thesis, University of Groningen.
  • 5
    Dein, J. (1986) Hematology. Clinical Avian Medicine (eds G. J. Harrison & W. R. Harrison), pp. 174–191. Saunders, London.
  • 6
    Dhabhar, F.S., Miller, A.H., McEwen, B.S., Spencer, R.L. (1995) Effects of stress on immune cell distribution: Dynamics and hormonal mechanisms. Journal of Immunology 12, 55115527.
  • 7
    Dohms, J.E. & Metz, A. (1991) Stress – mechanisms of immunosuppression. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 12, 89109.
  • 8
    Dufva, R. (1996) Blood parasites, health, reproductive success, and egg volume in female Great Tits Parus major. Journal of Avian Biology 12, 8387.
  • 9
    Fulton, R.M., Reed, W.M., Thacker, H.L., Denicola, D.B. (1996) Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)-induced hematologic alterations in specific-pathogen-free chickens. Avian Diseases 12, 112.
  • 10
    Gross, W.B. & Siegel, H.S. (1983) Evaluation of the heterophil/lymphocyte ratio as a measure of stress in chickens. Avian Diseases 12, 972979.
  • 11
    Hegner, R.E. & Wingfield, J.C. (1987) Effects of brood-size manipulations on parental investment, breeding success, and reproductive endocrinology of House Sparrows. Auk 12, 470480.
  • 12
    Hirshfield, M.F. & Tinkle, D.W. (1975) Natural selection and the evolution of the reproductive effort. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 12, 22272231.
  • 13
    Hoffman-Goetz, L. & Pedersen, B.K. (1994) Exercise and the immune system: a model of the stress response. Immunology Today 12, 382387.
  • 14
    Hõrak, P. (1993a) Low fledging success of urban Great Tits. Ornis Fennica 12, 168172.
  • 15
    Hõrak, P. (1993b) Age-related differences in seasonal pattern of clutch size in the Great Tits (Parus major): proximate vs. ultimate explanation. Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology, p. 179. Université Montpellier II, Montpellier.
  • 16
    Hõrak, P. (1995) Brood reduction facilitates female but not offspring survival in the Great Tit. Oecologia 12, 515519.
  • 17
    Hõrak, P. & Lebreton, J.-D. (1998) Survival of adult Great Tits in relation to sex and habitat: a comparison of urban and rural populations. Ibis 12, 205209.
  • 18
    Hõrak, P., Mänd, R., Ots, I., Leivits, A. (1995) Egg size variation in the Great Tit: individual, habitat and geographic differences. Ornis Fennica 12, 97114.
  • 19
    Hsia, C.C.W., Herazo, L.F., Ramanathan, M., Johnson, R.L. (1995) Cardiac output during exercise measured by acetylene rebreathing, thermodilution, and Fick techniques. Journal of Applied Physiology 12, 16121616.
  • 20
    Lessells, C.M. (1991) The evolution of life histories. Behavioural Ecology; An Evolutionary Approach (eds J. R. Krebs & N. B. Davies), pp. 32–68. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • 21
    Maxwell, M.H. (1993) Avian blood leucocyte responses to stress. World’s Poultry Science Journal 12, 3443.
  • 22
    Møller, A.P. (1997) Parasitism and the evolution of host life history. Host–Parasite Evolution. General Principles and Avian Models (eds D. H. Clayton & J. Moore), pp. 105–127. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 23
    Norris, K., Anwar, M., Read, A.F. (1994) Reproductive effort influences the prevalence of haematozoan parasites in the Great Tit. Journal of Animal Ecology 12, 601610.
  • 24
    Orell, M., Rytkonen, S., Koivula, K., Ronkainen, M., Rahiala, M. (1996) Brood size manipulations within the natural range did not reveal intragenerational cost of reproduction in the Willow Tit Parus montanus. Ibis 12, 630637.
  • 25
    Ots, I. & Hõrak, P. (1996) Great Tits Parus major trade health for reproduction. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 12, 14431447.
  • 26
    Ots, I., Murumägi, A., Hõrak, P. (1998) Hematological health state indices of reproducing Great Tits. Methodology and sources of natural variation. Functional Ecology 12, 700707.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00219.x
  • 27
    Pettifor, R.A., Perrins, C.M., McCleery, R.H. (1988) Individual optimization of clutch size in Great Tits. Nature 12, 160163.
  • 28
    Piersma, T., Everaarts, J.M., Jukema, J. (1996) Build-up of red blood cells in refuelling Bar-tailed Godwits in relation to individual migratory quality. Condor 12, 363370.
  • 29
    Richner, H., Christe, P., Oppliger, A. (1995) Paternal investment affects prevalence of malaria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 12, 11921194.
  • 30
    Saino, N., Bolzern, A.M., Møller, A.P. (1997) Immunocompetence, ornamentation, and viability of male Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 12, 549552.
  • 31
    Saino, N., Cuervo, J.J., Krivacek, M., De Lope, F., Møller, A.P. (1997) Experimental manipulation of tail ornament size affects the hematocrit of male Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica). Oecologia 12, 186190.
  • 32
    SAS Institute (1985) SAS User’s Guide, Version 6. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
  • 33
    Silverin, B. (1985) Cortical activity and breeding success in the Pied Flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca. Current Trends in Comparative Endocrinology (eds B. Lofts & W. N. Holmes), pp. 429–431. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.
  • 34
    Stearns, S.C. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 35
    Suzuki, K., Naganuma, S., Totsuka, M., Suzuki, K.J., Mochizuki, M., Shiraishi, M., Nakaji, S., Sugawara, K. (1996) Effects of exhaustive endurance exercise and its one-week daily repetition on neutrophil count and functional status in untrained men. International Journal of Sports Medicine 12, 205212.
  • 36
    Toll, P.W., Gaehtgens, P., Neuhaus, D., Pieschl, R.L., Fedde, M.R. (1995) Fluid, electrolyte, and packed cell volume shifts in racing greyhounds. American Journal of Veterinary Research 12, 227232.
  • 37
    Verhulst, S. (1995) Reproductive decisions in Great Tits: an optimality approach. PhD thesis, University of Groningen, Groningen.
  • 38
    Wardlaw, S.C. & Levine, R.A. (1983) Quantitative buffy coat analysis, a new laboratory tool functioning as a screening complete cell count. Journal of the American Medicine Association 12, 617620.