Induced thermotolerance and associated expression of the heat-shock protein Hsp70 in adult Drosophila melanogaster
Article first published online: 28 MAR 2002
British Ecological Society
Volume 12, Issue 5, pages 786–793, October 1998
How to Cite
Dahlgaard, J., Loeschcke, V., Michalak, P. and Justesen, J. (1998), Induced thermotolerance and associated expression of the heat-shock protein Hsp70 in adult Drosophila melanogaster. Functional Ecology, 12: 786–793. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00246.x
- Issue published online: 28 MAR 2002
- Article first published online: 28 MAR 2002
- heat-shock proteins;
- high-temperature stress;
1. Inducible heat-shock proteins are synthesized when temperatures are increased to levels substantially above normal. The functional role of these proteins is well known at the cellular level. Today increasing interest has been directed towards the importance of heat-shock proteins for resistance of whole organisms to high-temperature stress and other environmental stressors.
2. Here the functional relationship between the heat-shock protein, Hsp70, and thermal resistance in adult Drosophila melanogaster was examined by comparing thermal resistance, i.e. survival at 39 °C for 85 min, and levels of Hsp70 at various times elapsed (2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64 h) after thermotolerance was induced by short-term acclimation/heat hardening at 37 °C for 55 min.
3. Levels of Hsp70 in both males and females were highest 2 h after heat hardening and declined with longer times elapsed. The rate of decrease initially was very fast but diminished with increasing time. After 32 h the level of Hsp70 approached the level in flies that were not hardened. Levels of Hsp70 in males exceeded that of females during the entire period.
4. Survival of both sexes increased with increasing time after heat hardening and reached an optimum between 8 and 32 h. Thereafter resistance decreased with longer times elapsed. Survival of females generally exceeded that of males except after 16 and 64 h.
5. Regression analysis applied to the data on Hsp70 levels revealed that the model describing these data could not explain the data for survival. Also, higher levels of Hsp70 in males compared with females were not associated with greater survival in males. However, statistical analysis on paired measurements of Hsp70 and survival revealed a positive association between Hsp70 level and survival at each time elapsed after induction of thermotolerance.