SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Alder, N.N., Sperry, J.S., Pockman, W.T. (1996) Root and stem embolism, stomatal conductance, and leaf turgor in Acer grandidentatum populations along a soil moisture gradient. Oecologia 12, 293301.
  • 2
    Cochard, H. (1992) Vulnerability of several conifers to air embolism. Tree Physiology 12, 7383.
  • 3
    Cochard, H., Cruiziat, P., Tyree, M.T. (1992) Use of positive pressures to establish vulnerability curves. Plant Physiology 12, 205209.
  • 4
    Crombie, D.S., Hipkins, M.F., Milburn, J.A. (1985) Gas penetration of pit membranes in the xylem of Rhododendron as the cause of acoustically detectable sap cavitation. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 12, 445453.
  • 5
    Hacke, U. & Sauter, J.J. (1996) Drought-induced xylem dysfunction in petioles, branches, and roots of Populus balsamifera L. & Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Plant Physiology 12, 413417.
  • 6
    Johnston, V.R. (1994) California Forests and Woodlands: pp. 162–175. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
  • 7
    Lajtha, K. & Getz, J. (1993) Photosynthesis and water-use efficiency in pinyon–juniper communities along an elevation gradient in northern New Mexico. Oecologia 12, 95101.
  • 8
    Nobel, P.S. (1991) Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
  • 9
    Padien, D.J. & Lajtha, K. (1992) Plant spatial pattern and nutrient distribution in pinyon–juniper woodlands along an elevational gradient in northern New Mexico. International Journal of the Plant Sciences 12, 425433.
  • 10
    Sperry, J.S. & Ikeda, T. (1997) Xylem cavitation in roots and stems of Douglas fir and white fir. Tree Physiology 12, 275280.
  • 11
    Sperry, J.S. & Saliendra, N.Z. (1994) Intra- and inter-plant variation in xylem cavitation in Betula occidentalis. Plant, Cell and Environment 12, 12331241.
  • 12
    Sperry, J.S. & Tyree, M.T. (1990) Water-stress-induced xylem embolism in three species of conifers. Plant, Cell and Environment 12, 427436.
  • 13
    Tyree, M.T., Davis, S.D., Cochard, D. (1994) Biophysical perspectives of xylem evolution: is there a tradeoff of hydraulic efficiency for vulnerability to dysfunction? IAWA Bulletin 12, 335360.
  • 14
    West, N.E. (1988) Intermountain deserts, shrub steppes, and woodlands. North American Terrestrial Vegetation (eds M. G. Barbour & W. D. Billings), pp. 209–230. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • 15
    Woodbury, A.M. (1947) Distribution of pygmy conifers in Utah and northeastern Arizona. Ecology 12, 113126.
  • 16
    Woodin, H.E. & Lindsey, A.A. (1954) Juniper–pinyon east of the continental divide, as analyzed by the line-strip method. Ecology 12, 473489.
  • 17
    Zimmermann, M.H. (1983) Xylem Structure and the Ascent of Sap. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.