To whom reprint requests should be addressed.
Photosynthetic responses to a climate-warming manipulation for contrasting meadow species in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 166–175, April 2000
How to Cite
Loik, M. E., Redar, S. P. and Harte, J. (2000), Photosynthetic responses to a climate-warming manipulation for contrasting meadow species in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Functional Ecology, 14: 166–175. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.2000.00411.x
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Received 21 April 1999; revised 1 July 1999;accepted 13 July 1999
- Artemisia tridentata;
- chlorophyll fluorescence;
- Erigeron speciosus;
- gas exchange;
- global warming;
- leaf temperature;
- soil moisture;
- water potential
1. Microclimate was measured and photosynthetic responses to a climate warming manipulation were compared for the evergreen shrub Artemisia tridentata and the herbaceous forb Erigeron speciosus in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA.
2. Soil was warmer and drier under infra-red heaters compared with control plots.
3. Midday xylem pressure potential did not differ for A. tridentata on heated vs control plots but was lower for E. speciosus on heated plots compared with controls. Leaf temperatures did not vary for the two species on heated or control plots.
4. There were no significant treatment or species differences in the diurnal patterns of CO2 assimilation or stomatal conductance to water vapour. Also, there were no differences in responses to leaf temperature.
5. The quantum yield for CO2 assimilation over a range of PPFD was lower for plants on heated plots. There was a marked difference between species in the pattern of stomatal conductance to water vapour over a range of PPFD, but no differences as a result of the heating treatment.
6. The quantum efficiency of PSII electron transport was significantly affected by heating. Non-radiative energy dissipation was greater for A. tridentata compared with E. speciosus. There was recovery of FV/FM for A. tridentata but not for E. speciosus.
7. Heating appears to affect plants via changes in soil water content rather than by increasing leaf temperature. The deciduous species E. speciosus appears to undergo some permanent closure of PSII on heated plots, in contrast to the evergreen shrub A. tridentata. Such differences may help explain the increase in above-ground biomass accumulation in response to heating for shrubs, compared with the decrease observed for deciduous herbaceous species.