SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andersson, M. (1994) Sexual Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Baldassarre, G.A. & Bolen, E.G. (1994) Waterfowl Ecology and Management. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  • Barraclough, T.G., Harvey, P.H., Nee, S. (1995) Sexual selection and taxonomic diversity in passerine birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 259, 211 215.
  • Bellrose, F.C. (1980) Ducks, Geese and Swans of North America. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.
  • Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K., Newman, K. (1982) The Birds of Africa, Vol. 1. Academic Press, London.
  • Burns, K.J. (1998) A phylogenetic perspective on the evolution of sexual dichromatism in Tanagers (Thraupidae): the role of female versus male plumage. Evolution 52, 1219 1224.
  • Butcher, G.S. & Rohwer, S. (1989) The evolution of conspicuous and distinctive coloration for communication in birds. Current Ornithology 6, 51 107.
  • Cramp, S. & Simmons, K.E.L. (1977) The Birds of the Western Parlearctic, Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Darwin, C. (1871) The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. Murray, London.
  • Fairbairn, D.J. (1997) Allometry for sexual size dimorphism: Pattern and process in the coevolution of body size in males and females. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 28, 659 687.
  • Felsenstein, J. (1985) Phylogenies and the comparative method. American Naturalist 125, 1 15.
  • Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.H. (1996) Global macroecology: interactions beween population size, geographic range size and body size in the Anseriformes. Journal of Animal Ecology 65, 701 714.
  • Green, A.J. (1996) Analyses of globally threatened Anatidae in relation to threats, distribution, migration patterns and habitat use. Conservation Biology 10, 1435 1445.
  • Harvey, P.H. & Pagel, M.D. (1991) The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Hill, G.E. (1993) Male mate choice and the evolution of female coloration in the house finch. Evolution 47, 1515 1525.
  • Hoglund, J. (1989) Size and plumage dimorphism in lek-breeding birds: a comparative analysis. American Naturalist 134, 72 87.
  • Irwin, R.E. (1994) The evolution of plumage dichromatism in the New World blackbirds: social selection on female brightness? American Naturalist 144, 890 907.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. (1978) Ducks, Geese and Swans of the World. University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. & Carbonell, M. (1996) Ruddy Ducks and Other Stifftails. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.
  • Johnson, K. (1988) Sexual selection in pinyon jays. II. Male choice and female–female competition. Animal Behaviour 36, 1048 1053.
  • Johnson, K.P. & Sorenson, M.D. (1999) Phylogeny and biogeography of the dabbling ducks (Genus: Anas): a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence . Auk 116, 792 805.
  • Jones, I.L. & Hunter, F.M. (1993) Mutual sexual selection in a monogamous seabird. Nature 362, 238 239.
  • Lande, R. & Arnold, S.J. (1985) Evolution of mating preference and sexual dimorphism. Journal of Theoretical Biology 117, 651 664.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1986) A phylogenetic analysis of recent anseriform genera using morphological characters. Auk 103, 737 754.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1989) Phylogenetic relationships and incipient flightlessness of the extinct Auckland Islands merganser. Wilson Bulletin 101, 410 435.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1990) Evolutionary morphology of flightlessness in the Auckland Islands teal. Condor 92, 639 673.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1991) A phylogenetic analysis and classification of recent dabbling ducks (Tribe Anatini) based on comparative morphology. Auk 108, 471 508.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1993) Comparative morphometrics of Anas ducks, with particular reference to the Hawaiian duck Anas wyvilliana, Laysan Duck A. laysanensis, and Eaton’s Pintail A. eatoni. Wildfowl 44, 75 100.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1995a) Phylogeny and comparative ecology of stiff-tailed ducks (Anatidae: Oxyurini). Wilson Bulletin 107, 214 234.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1995b) Phylogeny and evolutionary ecology of modern seaducks (Anatidae: Mergini). Condor 97, 233 255.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1995c) A phylogenetic analysis of the whistling and white-backed ducks (Anatidae: Dendrocygninae) using morphological characters. Annals of Carnegie Museum 64, 65 97.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1996a) A phylogenetic analysis of geese and swans (Anseriformes: anserinae), including selected fossil species. Systematic Zoology 45, 415 450.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1996b) A phylogenetic analysis of modern pochards (Anatidae: aythyini). Auk 113, 74 93.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1997a) A phylogenetic classification of waterfowl (Aves: anseriformes), including selected fossil species. Annals of Carnegie Museum 66, 457 496.
  • Livezey, B.C. (1997b) A phylogenetic analysis of modern sheldgeese and shelducks (Anatidae, Tadornini). Ibis 139, 51 66.
  • Livezey, B.C. & Humphrey, P.S. (1992) Taxonomy and identification of steamer-ducks (Anatidae: Tachyeres) . University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History Monographs 8, 1 125.
  • Maddison, W.P. (1995) Calculating the probability distributions of ancestral states reconstructed by parsimony on phylogenetic trees. Systematic Zoology 44, 474 481.
  • Maddison, W.P. & Maddison, D.R. (1992) Macclade: Analysis of Phylogeny and Character Evolution, Version 3.0. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
  • Madge, S. & Burn, H. (1988) Wildfowl: an Identification Guide to the Ducks, Geese and Swans of the World. Helm, London.
  • Marchant, S. & Higgins, P.J. (1991) Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Martin, T.E. & Badyaev, A.V. (1996) Sexual dichromatism in birds: importance of nest predation and nest location for females versus males. Evolution 50, 2454 2460.
  • Martins, E.P. (1996) Phylogenies, spatial autoregression, and the comparative method: a computer simulation test. Evolution 50, 1750 1765.
  • Mayr, E. (1942) Systematics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Omland, K.E. (1994) Character congruence between a molecular and a morphological phylogeny for dabbling ducks (Anas). Systematic Biology 43, 369 386.
  • Omland, K.E. (1997) Examining two standard assumptions of ancestral reconstructions: repeated loss of dichromatism in dabbling ducks (Anatini). Evolution 51, 1636 1646.
  • Owens, I.P.F. & Hartley, I.R. (1998) Sexual dimorphism in birds: why are there so many different forms of dimorphism? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 265, 397 407.
  • Pagel, M. (1994) Detecting correlated evolution on phylogenies: a general method for the comparative analysis of discrete characters. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 255, 37 45.
  • Pagel, M. (1997) Inferring evolutionary processes from phylogenies. Zoologica Scripta 26, 331 348.
  • Pagel, M. (1999) The maximum likelihood approach to reconstructing ancestral character states of discrete characters on phylogenies. Systematic Biology 48, 612 622.DOI: 10.1080/106351599260184
  • Peterson, A.T. (1996) Geographic variation in sexual dichromatism in birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologist Club 116, 156 172.
  • Petrie, M. & Kempenaers, B. (1998) Extra-pair paternity in birds: explaining variation between species and populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 52 58.
  • Price, T. (1997) Correlated evolution and independent contrasts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 352, 519 529.
  • Price, T. (1998) Sexual selection and natural selection in bird speciation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 353, 251 260.
  • Price, T. & Birch, G.L. (1996) Repeated evolution of sexual color dimorphism in passerine birds. Auk 113, 842 848.
  • Purvis, A., Gittleman, J.L., Luh, H.-K. (1994) Truth or consequences: effects of phylogenetic accuracy on two comparative methods. Journal of Theoretical Biology 167, 293 300.DOI: 10.1006/jtbi.1994.1071
  • Purvis, A. & Rambaut, A. (1995a) Comparative analysis by independent contrasts (CAIC). A statistical package for the Apple Macintosh, Version 2.0. http://evolve.zps.ox.ac.uk/CAIC/CAIC.html.
  • Purvis, A. & Rambaut, A. (1995b) Comparative analysis by independent contrasts (CAIC): an Apple Macintosh application for analysing comparative data. Computer Applied Biosciences 11, 247 251.
  • Scott, D.K. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. (1989) Mating systems, parasites and plumage dimorphism in waterfowl. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 26, 261 273.
  • Selander, R.K. (1965) On mating systems and sexual selection. American Naturalist 99, 129 141.
  • Shutler, D. & Weatherhead, P.J. (1990) Targets of sexual selection: song and plumage of wood warblers. Evolution 44, 1967 1977.
  • Sigurjónsdóttir, H. (1981) The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in gamebirds, waterfowl and raptors. Ornis Scandinavica 12, 249 260.
  • Weller, M.W. (1980) The Island Waterfowl. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.
  • Williams, M., McKinney, F., Norman, F.I. (1991) Ecological and behavioural responses of austral teal to island life. Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici 2, 876 884.
  • Williams, P. (1996) WORLDMAP, Priority Areas for Biodiversity: Using Version 4. (Privately distributed computer software and manual), London.
  • Young, H.G., Tonge, S.J., Hume, J.P. (1997) Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47, 166 180.