SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aarssen, L.W. & Irwin, D.L. (1991) What selection: herbivory or competition? Oikos 60, 261262.
  • Ackerly, D. (1999) Self-shading, carbon gain and leaf dynamics: a test of alternative optimality models. Oecologia 119, 300310.DOI: 10.1007/s004420050790
  • Aerts, R. & Chapin, F.S. (2000) Mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: a re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Advances in Ecological Research 30, 167.
  • Amthor, J.S. (1998) Perspective on the relative insignificance of increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration to crop yield. Field Crops Research 58, 109127.DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00089-6
  • Bleecker, A.B. & Patterson, S.E. (1997) Last exit: senescence, abscission, and meristem arrest in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 9, 11691179.
  • Bortlik, K., Gut, H., Matile, P. (1987) Yellowing and non-yellowing trees: a comparison of protein- and chlorophyll-loss in senescent leaves. Botanica Helvetica 97, 323328.
  • Burger, J.C. & Louda, S.M. (1994) Indirect versus direct effects of grasses on growth of a cactus (Opuntia fragilis): Insect herbivory versus competition. Oecologia 99, 7987.
  • Caldwell, M.M. (1987) Competition between roots in natural communities. Root Development and Function (eds P. J.Gregory, J. V.Lake & D. A.Rose), pp. 167185. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Camara, B., Hugueney, P., Bouvier, F., Kuntz, M., Moneger, R. (1995) Biochemistry and molecular biology of chromoplast development. International Review of Cytology 163, 175247.
  • Chapin, F.S., Schulze, E.D., Mooney, H.A. (1990) The ecology and economics of storage in plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 21, 423447.
  • Chapin, F.S. & Van Cleve, K. (1989) Resorption of biomass and nutrients during autumn senescence. Plant Physiological Ecology. Field Methods and Instrumentation (eds R. W.Pearcy, J. R.Ehleringer, H. A.Mooney & P. W.Rundel), pp. 186207. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Chen, J., Reynolds, J., Harley, P., Tenhunen, J. (1993) Coordination theory of leaf nitrogen distribution in a canopy. Oecologia 93, 6369.
  • Cogdell, R.J. & Lindsay, J.G. (2000) The structure of photosynthetic complexes in bacteria and plants: an illustration of the importance of protein structure to the future development of plant science. New Phytologist 145, 167196.
  • Connor, D.J. & Sadras, V.O. (1992) Physiology of yield expression in sunflower. Field Crops Research 30, 333389.
  • Corner, E.J.H. (1964) The Life of Plants. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London.
  • Crepet, W.L., Friis, E.M., Nixon, K.C. (1991) Fossil evidence for the evolution of biotic pollination. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B 333, 187195.
  • Dangl, J.L., Dietrich, R.A., Thomas, H. (2000) Cell death and senescence. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants (eds B.Buchanan, W.Gruissem & R.Jones), pp. 10441100. ASPP, Rockville, MD, USA.
  • Doi, M., Shima, S., Egashira, T., Nakamura, K., Okayama, S. (1997) New bile pigment excreted by a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant: a possible breakdown catabolite of chlorophyll a. Journal of Plant Physiology 150, 504508.
  • Drake, B.G., Gonzàlez-Meler, M.A., Long, S.P. (1997) More efficient plants: a consequence of rising atmospheric CO2? Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 48, 609639.
  • Eissenstat, D.M. & Yanai, R.D. (1997) The ecology of root lifespan. Advances in Ecological Research 27, 160.
  • Endler, J.A. & McLellan, T. (1988) The process of evolution: toward a new synthesis. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 19, 395421.
  • Engel, N., Jenny, T.A., Mooser, V., Gossauer, A. (1991) Chlorophyll catabolism in Chlorella protothecoides. Isolation and structural elucidation of a red bilin derivative. FEBS Letters 293, 131133.
  • Evans, J.R. (1989) Photosynthesis and nitrogen relationships in leaves of C3 plants. Oecologia 78, 919.
  • Evans, L.T. (1993) Crop Evolution, Adaptation and Yield. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Farnsworth, K.D. & Niklas, K.J. (1995) Theories of optimization, form and function in branching architecture. Functional Ecology 9, 355363.
  • Geigenberger, P. & Stitt, M. (1991) A futile cycle of sucrose synthesis and degradation is involved in regulating partitioning between sucrose, starch and respiration in cotyledons of germinating Ricinus communis L seedlings when phloem transport is inhibited. Planta 185, 8190.
  • Gordon, A.J., Mitchell, D.F., Ryle, G.J.A., Powell, C.E. (1987) Diurnal production and utilization of photosynthate in nodulated white clover. Journal of Experimental Botany 38, 8498.
  • Grime, J.P., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G. (1996) Evidence of a causal connection between anti-herbivore defence and the decomposition rate of leaves. Oikos 77, 489494.
  • Harper, J.L. (1977) The Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, London.
  • Heath, M.C. (1998) Apoptosis, programmed cell death and the hypersensitive response. European Journal of Plant Pathology 104, 117124.DOI: 10.1023/A:1008645520976
  • Heilmeier, H., Schultze, E.D., Whale, D.M. (1986) Carbon and nitrogen partitioning in the biennial monocarp Arctium tomentosum Mill. Oecologia 70, 466474.
  • Hengartner, M.O. & Bryant, J.A. (2000) Apoptotic cell death: from worms to wombats … but what about the weeds? Programmed Cell Death in Animals and Plants (eds J. A.Bryant, S. G.Hughes & J. M.Garland), pp. 112. BIOS, Oxford, UK.
  • Hensel, L.L., Grbic, V., Baumgarten, D.A., Bleecker, A.B. (1993) Developmental and age-related processes that influence the longevity and senescence of photosynthetic tissues in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 5, 553564.
  • Hikosaka, K., Terashima, I., Katoh, S. (1994) Effects of leaf age, nitrogen nutrition and photon flux density on the distribution of nitrogen among leaves of a vine (Ipomoea tricolor Cav.) grown horizontally to avoid mutual shading of leaves. Oecologia 97, 451457.
  • Ho, I. & Below, F.E. (1989) Whole plant senescence of sunflower following seedhead removal. Plant Physiology 91, 8590.
  • Hoefnagel, M.H.N. & Wiskich, J.T. (1996) Alternative oxidase activity and the ubiquinone redox level in soybean cotyledon and Arum spadix mitochondria during NADH and succinate oxidation. Plant Physiology 110, 13291335.
  • Hörtensteiner, S., Rodoni, S., Schellenberg, M. et al. (1999) Evolution of chlorophyll degradation: the significance of RCC reductase. Plant Biology 2, 6367.
  • Hutchinson, T.C. (1967) Comparative studies of the ability of species to withstand prolonged periods of darkness. Journal of Ecology 55, 291299.
  • Keys, A.J., Bird, I.F., Cornelius, M.J., Lea, P.J., Wallsgrove, R.M., Miflin, B.J. (1978) Photorespiratory nitrogen cycle. Nature 275, 228234.
  • Lee, J.A. & Caporn, S.J.M. (1998) Ecological effects of atmospheric reactive nitrogen deposition on semi-natural terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist 139, 127134.
  • Lemon, E.R. & Wright, J.L. (1969) Photosynthesis under field conditions. XA. Assessing sources and sinks of carbon dioxide in a corn (Zea mays L.) crop using a momentum balance approach. Agronomy Journal 61, 405411.
  • Lindoo, S.J. & Noodén, L.D. (1977) Studies on the behaviour of the senescence signal in Anoka soybeans. Plant Physiology 59, 11361140.
  • Longman, K.A. & Jenik, J. (1987). Tropical Forest and its Environment. 2nd edn. Longman, London.
  • Mae, T., Thomas, H., Gay, A.P., Makino, A., Hidema, J. (1993) Leaf development in Lolium temulentum: photosynthesis and photosynthetic proteins in leaves senescing under different irradiances. Plant Cell Physiology 34, 391399.
  • Matile, P., Flach, B., Eller, B. (1992) Spectral optical properties, pigments and optical brighteners in autumn leaves of Ginkgo biloba L. Botanica Acta 105, 1317.
  • Matile, P., Hörtensteiner, S., Thomas, H. (1999) Chlorophyll degradation. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 50, 6795.
  • McConnaughay, K.D.M. & Coleman, J.S. (1999) Biomass allocation in plants: ontogeny or optimality? A test along three resource gradients. Ecology 80, 25812593.
  • McIntosh, L. (1994) Molecular biology of the alternative oxidase. Plant Physiology 105, 781786.DOI: 10.1104/pp.105.3.781
  • Meeuse, B.J.D. (1975) Thermogenic respiration in aroids. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 26, 117126.
  • Moriyasu, Y. (1995) Examination of the contribution of vacuolar proteases to intracellular protein degradation in Chara corallina. Plant Physiology 109, 13091315.DOI: 10.1104/pp.109.4.1309
  • Murchie, E.H., Chen, Y.Z., Hubbart, S., Peng, S.B., Horton, P. (1999) Interactions between senescence and leaf orientation determine in situ patterns of photosynthesis and photoinhibition in field-grown rice. Plant Physiology 119, 553563.DOI: 10.1104/pp.119.2.553
  • Neave, I.A., Dawson, J.O., DeLucia, E.H. (1989) Autumnal photosynthesis is extended in nitrogen-fixing European black alder compared with white basswood: possible adaptive significance. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 19, 1217.
  • Park, H., Eggink, L.L., Robertson, R.W., Hoober, J.K. (1999) Transfer of proteins from the chloroplast to vacuoles in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlorophyta): a pathway for degradation. Journal of Phycology 35, 528538.
  • Plumstead, E.P. (1958) The habit of growth of Glossopteridae. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 61, 8194.
  • Raven, J.A. (1986) Evolution of plant life forms. On the Economy of Plant Form and Function (ed. T. J.Givnish), pp. 421492. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Read, J. & Francis, J. (1992) Responses of some southern-hemisphere tree species to a prolonged dark period and their implications for high-latitude Cretaceous and Tertiary floras. Paleogeography Paleoclimatology and Paleoecology 99, 271290.
  • Rennenberg, H., Kreutzer, K., Papen, H., Weber, P. (1998) Consequences of high loads of nitrogen for spruce (Picea abies) and beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests. New Phytologist 139, 7186.
  • Richards, P.W. (1957) The Tropical Rain Forest. An Ecological Study. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Room, P.M., Maillette, L., Hanan, J.S. (1994) Module and metamer dynamics and virtual plants. Advances in Ecological Research 25, 105157.
  • Rousseaux, M.C. (1997) Control lumínico de la senescencia foliar pre-antesis en el cultivo de girasol. PhD Thesis, University of Buenos Aires.
  • Rousseaux, M.C., Hall, A.J., Sánchez, R.A. (1993) Far-red enrichment and photosynthetically active radiation level influence leaf senescence in field-grown sunflower. Physiologia Plantarum 96, 217224.
  • Rousseaux, M.C., Hall, A.J., Sánchez, R.A. (1999) Light environment, nitrogen content, and carbon balance of basal leaves of sunflower canopies. Crop Science 39, 10931100.
  • Sachs, T., Novoplansky, A., Cohen, D. (1993) Plants as competing populations of redundant organs. Plant Cell and Environment 16, 765770.
  • Sadras, V.O. (2000) Variation in apical dominance and its implications for herbivory resistance, competitive ability and biomass partitioning. Physiological Bases for Maize Improvement (eds M.Otegui & G.Slafer), pp. 7181. Haworth Press, New York.
  • Sadras, V.O., Hall, A.J., Connor, D.J. (1993) Light-associated nitrogen distribution profile in flowering canopies of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) altered during grain filling. Oecologia 95, 488494.
  • Sadras, V.O., Echarte, L., Andrade, F.H. (2000) Profiles of leaf senescence during reproductive growth of sunflower and maize. Annals of Botany 85, 187195.DOI: 10.1006/anbo.1999.1013
  • Scholes, J., Bundock, N., Wilde, R., Rolfe, S. (1996) The impact of reduced vacuolar invertase activity on the photosynthetic and carbohydrate metabolism of tomato. Planta 200, 265272.
  • Sembdner, G. & Parthier, B. (1993) The biochemistry and the physiological and molecular actions of jasmonates. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 44, 569589.
  • Sinclair, T.R. & Sheehy, J.E. (1999) Erect leaves and photosynthesis in rice. Science 283, 14561457.
  • Sinclair, T.R. & De Wit, C.T. (1975) Photosynthate and nitrogen requirements for seed production by various crops. Science 189, 565567.
  • Sitte, P. (1977) Chromoplasten – bunte Objekte der modernen Zellbiologie. Biologie in Unserer Zeit 7, 6574.
  • Stephenson, A.G. (1981) Flower and fruit abortion: proximate causes and ultimate functions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 12, 253279.
  • Stiles, E.W. (1982) Fruit flags – two hypotheses. American Naturalist 120, 500509.
  • Stitt, M. & Schulze, D. (1994) Does Rubisco control the rate of photosynthesis and plant growth? An exercise in molecular ecophysiology. Plant Cell and Environment 17, 465487.
  • Swank, S.E. & Oechel, W.C. (1991) Interactions among the effects of herbivory, competition and resource limitation on chaparral herbs. Ecology 72, 104115.
  • Thomas, H. (1984) Cell senescence and protein metabolism in the photosynthetic tissues of leaves. Cell Ageing and Cell Death (eds I.Davies & D. C.Sigee), pp. 171188. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Thomas, H. (1994) Resource rejection by higher plants. Resource capture by crops. Proceedings of the 52nd Easter School, University of Nottingham, School of Agriculture (eds J. L.Monteith, R. K.Scott & M. H.Unsworth), pp. 375385. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.
  • Thomas, H. (1997) Chlorophyll: a symptom and a regulator of plastid development. New Phytologist 136, 163181.DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1997.00737.x
  • Thomas, H. & Smart, C.M. (1993) Crops that stay green. Annals of Applied Biology 123, 193219.
  • Tilman, D. (1988) Plant Strategies and the Dynamics and Structure of Plant Communities. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • Tollenaar, M., McCullough, E., Dwyer, L.M. (1994) Physiological basis of the genetic improvement of corn. Genetic Improvement of Field Crops (ed. G. A.Slafer), pp. 183236. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • Vanlerberghe, G.C. & McIntosh, L. (1997) Alternative oxidase: from gene to function. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 48, 703734.
  • Vega, C. (1997) Número de granos por planta en soja, girasol y maíz en función de las tasas de crecimiento por planta durante el período crítico de determinación del rendimiento. MSc Thesis, University of March del Plata.
  • Vega, C.R.C., Sadras, V.O., Andrade, F.H., Uhart, S.A. (2000) Reproductive allometry in soybean, maize and sunflower. Annals of Botany 85, 461468.
  • Vermeij, G.J. (1995) Economics, volcanoes and Phanerozoic revolutions. Paleobiology 21, 125152.
  • Wallsgrove, R.M., Keys, A.J., Lea, P.J., Miflin, B.J. (1983) Photosynthesis, photorespiration and nitrogen metabolism. Plant Cell and Environment 6, 301309.
  • Werger, M.J.A. & Hirose, T. (1991) Leaf nitrogen distribution and whole canopy photosynthetic carbon gain in herbaceous stands. Vegetatio 97, 1120.
  • White, J. (1979) The plant as a metapopulation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 10, 109145.