• Barker, J.S.F. & Mulley, J.C. (1976) Isozyme variation in natural populations of Drosophila buzzatii. Evolution 30, 213233.
  • Bettencourt, B.R., Feder, M.E., Cavicchi, S. (1999) Experimental evolution of Hsp70 expression and thermotolerance in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 53, 484492.
  • Bosch, T.C.G., Krylow, S.M., Bode, H.R., Steele, R.E. (1988) Thermotolerance and synthesis of heat shock proteins: These responses are present in Hydra attenuata but absent in Hydra oligactis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 85, 79277931.
  • Brennecke, T., Gellner, K., Bosch, T.C.G. (1998) The lack of a stress response in Hydra oligactis is due to reduced hsp70 mRNA stability. European Journal of Biochemistry 25, 703709.
  • Cavicchi, S., Guerra, D., La Torre, V., Huey, R.B. (1995) Chromosomal analysis of heat-shock tolerance in Drosophila melanogaster evolving at different temperatures in the laboratory. Evolution 49, 676684.
  • Dahlgaard, J. & Loeschcke, V. (1997) Effects of inbreeding in three life stages of Drosophila buzzatii after embryos were exposed to a high temperature stress. Heredity 78, 410416.
  • Dahlgaard, J., Loeschcke, V., Michalak, P., Justesen, J. (1998) Induced thermotolerance and associated expression of the heat-shock protein Hsp70 in adult Drosophila melanogaster. Functional Ecology 12, 786793.
  • Dahlgaard, J., Hasson, E., Loeschcke, V. (2001) Behavioral differentiation in oviposition activity in Drosophila buzzatii from highland and lowland populations in Argentina: plasticity or thermal adaptation? Evolution 55 (in press).
  • Feder, M.E. & Hofmann, G.E. (1999) Heat-shock proteins, molecular chaperones, and the stress response. Annual Review of Physiology 61, 243282.
  • Feder, J.H., Rossi, J.M., Solomon, J., Solomon, N., Lindquist, S. (1992) The consequences of expressing Hsp70 in Drosophila cells at normal temperatures. Genes and Development 6, 14021413.
  • Feder, M.E., Roberts, S.P., Bordelon, A.C. (2000) Molecular thermal telemetry of free-ranging adult Drosophilamelanogaster. Oecologia 123, 460465.
  • Hoffmann, A.A. & Parsons, P.A. (1991) Evolutionary Genetics and Environmental Stress. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Hoffmann, A.A., Dagher, H., Hercus, M., Berrigan, D. (1997) Comparing different measures of heat resistance in selected lines of Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Insect Physiology 43, 393405.DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1910(96)00108-4
  • Huey, R.B., Crill, W.D., Kingsolver, J.G., Weber, K.E. (1992) A method for rapid measurement of heat or cold resistance of small insects. Functional Ecology 6, 489494.
  • Krebs, R.A. (1999) A comparison of Hsp70 expression and thermotolerance in adults and larvae of three Drosophila species. Cell Stress and Chaperones 4, 243249.
  • Krebs, R.A. & Bettencourt, B.R. (1999) Evolution of thermotolerance and variation in the heat shock protein Hsp70. American Zoologist 39, 910919.
  • Krebs, R.A. & Feder, M.E. (1997) Natural variation in the expression of the heat-shock protein Hsp70 in a population of Drosophila melanogaster and its correlation with tolerance of ecologically relevant thermal stress. Evolution 51, 173179.
  • Krebs, R.A. & Loeschcke, V. (1994) Effects of exposure to short-term heat stress on fitness components in Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 7, 3949.
  • Krebs, R.A., Feder, M.E., Lee, J. (1998) Heritability of expression of the 70 kDa heat-shock protein in Drosophila melanogaster and its relevance to the evolution of thermotolerance. Evolution 52, 841847.
  • Lansing, E., Justesen, J., Loeschcke, V. (2000) Variation in the expression of Hsp70, the major heat-shock protein, and thermotolerance in larval and adult selection lines of Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Thermal Biology 25, 443450.DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4565(00)00008-5
  • Lindquist, L. (1986) The heat-shock response. Annual Review of Biochemistry 55, 11511191.
  • Loeschcke, V., Krebs, R.A., Barker, J.S.F. (1994) Genetic variation for resistance and acclimation to high temperature stress in Drosophila buzzatii. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 52, 8392.DOI: 10.1006/bijl.1994.1040
  • McColl, G., Hoffmann, A.A., McKechnie, S.W. (1996) Response of two heat shock genes to selection for knockdown heat resistance in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 143, 16151627.
  • Parsell, D.A. & Lindquist, S. (1993) The function of heat-shock proteins in stress tolerance: degradation and reactivation of damaged proteins. Annual Review of Genetics 27, 437496.
  • Sørensen, J.G., Michalak, P., Justesen, J., Loeschcke, V. (1999) Expression of the heat-shock protein HSP70 in Drosophila buzzatii lines selected for thermal resistance. Hereditas 131, 155164.
  • SPSS (1998) SPSS for Windows, Version 9.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL.
  • Stratman, R. & Markow, T.A. (1998) Resistance to thermal stress in desert Drosophila. Functional Ecology 12, 965970.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00270.x