SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aerts, R. (1993) Biomass and nutrient dynamics of dominant plant species from heathlands. Heathlands: Patterns and Processes in a Changing Environment (eds R.Aerts & G.W.Heil), pp. 5184. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
  • Ali, B. (1969) Occurrence and characteristics of vesicular–arbuscular endophytes of Nardus stricta. Nova Hedwigia 17, 409425.
  • Alonso, I. & Hartley, S.E. (1998) Effects of nutrient supply, light availability and herbivory on the growth of heather and three competing grass species. Plant Ecology 137, 203212.
  • Berendse, F. (1983) Interspecific competition and niche differentiation between Plantago lanceolata and Anthoxanthum odoratum in a natural hayfield. Journal of Ecology 71, 379390.
  • Brundrett, M., Bougher, N., Dell, B., Grove, T. & Malajczuk, N. (1996) Working with Mycorrhizas in Forestry and Agriculture. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia.
  • Cahill, J.F. & Casper, B.B. (1999) Growth consequences of soil nutrient heterogeneity for two old-field herbs, Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Phytolacca americana, grown individually and in combination. Annals of Botany 83, 471478.
  • Caldwell, M.M., Manwaring, J.H. & Durham, S.L. (1991) The microscale distribution of neighbouring plant roots in fertile soil microsites. Functional Ecology 5, 765772.
  • Casper, B.B. & Jackson, R.B. (1997) Plant competition underground. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 28, 545570.
  • Chadwick, M.J. (1960) Biological flora of the British Isles: Nardus stricta (L.). Journal of Ecology 48, 255267.
  • Einsmann, J.C., Jones, R.H., Mou, P. & Mitchell, R.J. (1999) Nutrient foraging traits in 10 co-occurring plant species of contrasting life forms. Journal of Ecology 87, 609619.
  • Farley, R.A. & Fitter, A.H. (1999) The response of seven co-occurring woodland herbaceous perennials to localized nutrient-rich patches. Journal of Ecology 87, 849859.
  • Fitter, A.H. (1976) Effects of nutrient supply and competition from other species on root growth of Lolium perenne in soil. Plant and Soil 45, 177189.
  • Fitter, A.H. (1982) Influence of soil heterogeneity on the coexistence of grassland species. Journal of Ecology 70, 139148.
  • Fitter, A.H. (1985) Functional significance of root morphology and root system architecture. Ecological Interactions in Soil: Plants, Microbes and Animals (eds A.H.Fitter, D.Atkinson, D.J.Read & M.B.Usher), pp. 87106. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, UK.
  • Fitzpatrick, E.A. (1999) Interactive Soils CD-ROM (v. 1·0). Interactive Soil Science, 44 Gladstone Place, Aberdeen, UK.
  • Genney, D.R., Alexander, I.J. & Hartley, S.E. (2000) Exclusion of grass roots from soil organic layers by Calluna: the role of ericoid mycorrhizas. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 11171125.
  • Genney, D.R., Hartley, S.E. & Alexander, I.J. (2001) Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization increases with host density in a heathland community. New Phytologist 152, 355363.
  • Gimingham, C.H. (1960) Biological flora of the British Isles: Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull. Journal of Ecology 48, 455483.
  • Gimingham, C.H. (1972) The Ecology of Heathlands. Chapman & Hall, London, UK.
  • Gordon, C., Woodin, S.J., Alexander, I.J. & Mullins, C.E. (1999) Effects of increased temperature, drought and nitrogen supply on two upland perennials of contrasting functional type: Calluna vulgaris and Pteridium aquilinum. New Phytologist 142, 243258.
  • Hartley, S.E. (1997) The effects of grazing and nutrient inputs on grass–heather competition. Botanical Journal of Scotland 49, 317326.
  • Hartley, S.E. & Amos, L. (1999) Competitive interactions between Nardus stricta (L.) and Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull: the effect of fertiliser and defoliation on above- and below-ground performance. Journal of Ecology 87, 330340.
  • Heijne, B., Dueck, T.A., Van der Eerden, L.J. & Heil, G.W. (1994) Effects of atmospheric ammonia and ammonium sulphate on vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in three heathland species. New Phytologist 127, 685696.
  • Hodge, A., Robinson, D., Griffiths, B.S. & Fitter, A.H. (1999) Why plants bother: root proliferation results in increased nitrogen capture from organic patch when two grasses compete. Plant, Cell and Environment 22, 811820.
  • Hodge, A., Robinson, D. & Fitter, A.H. (2000) An arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum enhances root proliferation in, but not nitrogen capture from, nutrient-rich patches in the soil. New Phytologist 145, 575584.
  • Hodge, A., Campbell, C.D. & Fitter, A.H. (2001) An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus accelerates decomposition and acquires nitrogen directly from organic material. Nature 413, 297299.
  • Hutchings, M.J. & De Kroon, H. (1994) Foraging in plants: the role of morphological plasticity in resource acquisition. Advances in Ecological Research 25, 159238.
  • Kerley, S.J. & Read, D.J. (1998) The biology of mycorrhiza in the Ericaceae, XX. Plant and mycorrhizal necromass as nitrogenous substrates for the ericoid mycorrhizal fungus Hymenoscyphus ericae and its host. New Phytologist 139, 353360.
  • Read, D.J. (1996) The structure and function of the ericoid mycorrhizal root. Annals of Botany 77, 365374.
  • Robinson, D. (1994) The responses of plants to non-uniform supplies of nutrients. New Phytologist 127, 635674.
  • Robinson, D., Hodge, A., Griffiths, B.S. & Fitter, A.H. (1999) Plant root proliferation in nitrogen-rich patches confers competitive advantage. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 266, 431435.
  • Smith, S.E. & Read, D.J. (1997) Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press, London.
  • Snaydon, R.W. (1991) Replacement or additive designs for competition studies? Journal of Applied Ecology 28, 930946.
  • Tilman, D. (1982) Resource Competition and Community Structure. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.