A central question in vertebrate transcriptional regulation is how cis-regulatory modules, including enhancers, silencers and promoters, communicate with each other over long distances to mandate proper gene expression. In order to address this question we analysed protein/DNA interactions in the human β-globin locus control region (LCR). One of the many proteins that are potentially implicated in LCR function is Bach1. Bach1 possesses a basic leucine zipper (bZip) domain, as well as a BTB/POZ domain that has been shown to be involved in the regulation of chromatin structure. Bach1 forms heterodimers with small Maf proteins through its leucine zipper and binds to Maf recognition elements (MARE).