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The photosynthesis – leaf nitrogen relationship at ambient and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide: a meta-analysis

Authors

  • Andrew G. Peterson,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • J. Timothy Ball,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • YiqI. Luo,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Christopher B. Field,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Peter B. Reich,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Peter S. Curtis,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Kevin L. Griffin,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Carla A. Gunderson,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Richard J. Norby,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • David T. Tissue,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Manfred Forstreuter,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • AnA. Rey,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • Christoph S. Vogel,

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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  • and 1 Cmeal Participants

    1. *Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, PO Box 60220, Reno, NV, 89506, USA, †Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA, ‡Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, §Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA, ¶Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9 W, 6 Marine Biology, Palisades, NY 10964, USA, **Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA, ††Department of Biology, Flint and Main Street, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA, ‡‡Technical University Berlin, Institute of Ecology, Koenigin-Luise-Str.22, D-14195 Berlin, Germany, §§IERM, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh University, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK, ¶¶University of Michigan Biological Station, 9008 Biological Rd, Pellston MI 49769, USA Abstract
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    • 1

      CMEAL (CO 2 Models/Experiments Activity for improved Links) is a collaborative project aimed at improving the representation of CO2 responses in ecosystem and global models. Participants are: Christopher B. Field (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Co-PI), J. Timothy Ball (Desert Research Institute, Co-PI), Jeffry S. Amthor (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), Bert Drake (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center), William R. Emanuel (University of Virginia), Dale W. Johnson (Desert Research Institute), Paul J. Hanson (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Yiqi Luo (Desert Research Institute), Ross E. McMurtrie (University of New South Wales, Australia), Richard J. Norby (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Walter C. Oechel (California State University, San Diego), Clenton E. Owensby (Kansas State University), William J. Parton (Colorado State University), Andrew G. Peterson (Desert Research Institute), Lars L. Pierce (California State University, Monterey Bay), Edward B. Rastetter (Marine Biological Laboratory), Anne Ruimy (Universite Paris-Sud), Steven W. Running (University of Montana), Donald R. Zak (University of Michigan).


Andrew G. Peterson, fax +1/ 702 6737485, e-mail peterson@maxey.dri.edu

Abstract

Estimation of leaf photosynthetic rate (A) from leaf nitrogen content (N) is both conceptually and numerically important in models of plant, ecosystem, and biosphere responses to global change. The relationship between A and N has been studied extensively at ambient CO2 but much less at elevated CO2. This study was designed to (i) assess whether the A–N relationship was more similar for species within than between community and vegetation types, and (ii) examine how growth at elevated CO2 affects the A–N relationship. Data were obtained for 39 C3 species grown at ambient CO2 and 10 C3 species grown at ambient and elevated CO2. A regression model was applied to each species as well as to species pooled within different community and vegetation types. Cluster analysis of the regression coefficients indicated that species measured at ambient CO2 did not separate into distinct groups matching community or vegetation type. Instead, most community and vegetation types shared the same general parameter space for regression coefficients. Growth at elevated CO2 increased photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency for pines and deciduous trees. When species were pooled by vegetation type, the A–N relationship for deciduous trees expressed on a leaf-mass basis was not altered by elevated CO2, while the intercept increased for pines. When regression coefficients were averaged to give mean responses for different vegetation types, elevated CO2 increased the intercept and the slope for deciduous trees but increased only the intercept for pines. There were no statistical differences between the pines and deciduous trees for the effect of CO2. Generalizations about the effect of elevated CO2 on the A–N relationship, and differences between pines and deciduous trees will be enhanced as more data become available.

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