Temperature responses of rates of respiratory CO2 efflux from plants, soils, and ecosystems are frequently modelled using exponential functions with a constant Q10 near 2.0 (fractional change in rate with a 10 °C increase in temperature). However, we present evidence that Q10 declines with short-term increases in temperature in a predictable manner across diverse plant taxa. Thus, models using a constant Q10 are biased, and use of a temperature-corrected Q10 may improve the accuracy of modelled respiratory CO2 efflux in plants and ecosystems in response to temperature and predicted global climate changes.
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