In order to provide patients with von Willebrand disease a factor VIII (FVIII)/von Willebrand factor (vWF) concentrate of reproducible quality, an SDS-agarose gel electrophoresis method has been established to determine the content of the high molecular weight multimers (band 11 and higher) of vWF. This method has been used to characterize the content of high molecular weight vWF multimers in Humate® P/Haemate® P, a commercial FVIII/vWF concentrate. The average content of high molecular weight vWF multimers of 47 batches of Humate® P/Haemate® P has been determined to be 84.1% of the corresponding bands in normal human plasma. Use of this multimer analysis method for the characterization of five further commercial products revealed clear differences with respect to the high molecular weight vWF multimer content. Furthermore, there is a linear correlation (r2 = 0.73) between the content of high molecular weight vWF multimers and the specific activity of vWF (determined as vWF:RCoF/vWF:Ag). The method described here for analysis of the content of high molecular weight vWF multimers is a reliable and reproducible method to characterize this class of factor concentrates with respect to vWF multimer composition.