Health status and satisfaction of asymptomatic HIV-positive haemophiliacs in Kyushu, Japan

Authors


KenjiHachisuka MD Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi, Kitakyushu, #807, Japan. Tel.: +81 93 691 7266, Fax: +81 93 691 3529, e-mail: kenhachi@med.uoeh-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on haemophiliacs with physical functional disabilities induced by haemophilia in Kyushu, Japan. The subjects were 38 adult haemophiliacs who were selected from 129 patients registered with the North Kyushu Haemophilia Centre. They were divided into 21 asymptomatic HIV-positive and 17 HIV-negative adult haemophiliacs. Coagulation factor levels, modified DePalma classification, Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale 2 (AIMS 2), and a satisfaction in daily life (SDL) questionnaire were used to investigate the clinical severity of their haemophilia and arthropathy, physical functional disabilities, and satisfaction. Although there were no significant differences in the objective assessments of health status between the HIV-positive and -negative haemophiliacs, the HIV-positive haemophiliacs were significantly more dissatisfied with their social activities and mood, according to AIMS 2, and with social intercourse, job, self-development, and social security and pension according to SDL assessment. These dissatisfactions were due to the effects of HIV, in addition to the physical functional disabilities that were caused by haemophilia. Dissatisfaction with social security and pension may be a specific feature in HIV-positive haemophiliacs in Japan resulting from the origin of HIV infection.

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