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Keywords:

  • desmopressin;
  • factor VIII/Willebrand concentrates;
  • oral surgery;
  • tranexamic acid;
  • von Willebrand disease

Bleeding after dental extractions is very frequent in patients with von Willebrand disease (vWD) and in the past often necessitated transfusions with factor VIII/von Willebrand factor concentrates (vWFc). To evaluate the benefits of a standard local therapy on bleeding complications during oral surgery, 63 consecutive patients with vWD were analysed retrospectively. All types of vWD were included: type 1 (n=31), type 2 (n=22) and type 3 (n=10). All the patients had dental extractions or periodontal surgery at the same hospital by the same oral surgeons. All cases had been given tranexamic acid (TA) before and for 7 days after surgery. As additional local therapy fibrin glue (FG) was used during surgery in several patients. Additional systemic therapies were: desmopressin (DDAVP, 0.3 μg kg–1) and fVIII/vWF concentrates (vWFc, 40 U kg–1) given as a single dose before surgery. The 29 subjects (46%) treated locally did not bleed. Among the remaining cases, 24 (38%) were given DDAVP as additional systemic therapy and 6 (9.5%) received vWFc. There was bleeding after surgery in only two cases who had been given local FG (type 2 B) or systemic vWFc (type 3), but bleeding was stopped with an additional local application of FG. Our data suggest that a standard local therapy with TA and FG with DDAVP can prevent bleeding complications during oral surgery in the majority of patients (84%) with vWD and reduce the need for concentrates, with all their possible complications and high costs.