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Keywords:

  • haemophilia;
  • outcome;
  • quality of life;
  • physical assessment;
  • orthopaedic assessment

Haemophilia is a potentially disabling condition associated with high financial costs, and so the need for robust measures to evaluate outcome of care is essential. This paper is a review of some of the outcome measures commonly used to evaluate treatment in haemophilia and includes quality of life measures, evaluation of the musculoskeletal system and orthopaedic surgical procedures. Quality-of-life questionnaires are discussed with particular reference to the SF36 and AIMS2. Results of published studies to date have demonstrated variable results. Overall, haemophilia appears to reduce quality of life compared to normal population figures. Several factors are perceived to reduce quality of life, and these include being human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive, having impairments, and a history of orthopaedic surgery. The evaluation of the musculoskeletal system is important in order to detect any deterioration over time. Various standardized measurement tools are described. Orthopaedic surgical procedures have also been evaluated in patients with haemophilia. To date, the Hospital for Special Surgery Knee rating scale has been the most commonly used to evaluate the outcome of total knee replacement. The limitations of this system for patients with haemophilia are outlined. Overall, these measures provide useful tools for evaluating outcome, but none have been specifically developed for patients with haemophilia. Further studies would be useful to evaluate these tools and others in more depth.