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Keywords:

  • anti-mitochondrial antibody;
  • immunohistochemistry;
  • cytokeratin 14;
  • mES-13;
  • oncocytoma

Cytokeratin 14 immunoreactivity distinguishes oncocytic tumour from its renal mimics: an immunohistochemical study of 63 cases

Aims: The cytokeratin 14 (CK14) expression in oncocytomas or oncocytic tumours of various tissue origins has not been established. We have studied CK14 expression in 30 cases of oncocytic tumours of various tissue origins and 33 cases of renal cell carcinoma with overlapping features (mimics) by immunohistochemistry.

Methods and results: Immunohistochemistry (ABC–HRP method) was performed for detection of CK14 in 30 cases of oncocytic tumour and 33 cases of renal mimics. To demonstrate CK14 specificity and sensitivity in oncocytic tumours, mES-13 (an anti-mitochondrial monoclonal antibody) immunohistochemistry was also performed in 20 of 30 cases on oncocytic tumour and all 33 cases of renal mimics. We found that all 30 cases of oncocytic tumour showed cytoplasmic CK14 positivity. All 20 cases of oncocytic tumour studied with mES-13 were positive. CK14 immunoreactivity was identified in only four cases of renal cell carcinoma (one conventional renal cell carcinoma with granular cytoplasm and three chromophobe renal cell carcinomas with eosinophilic cytoplasm). In contrast, all 33 cases of renal cell carcinoma were positive for mES-13 to varying degrees.

Conclusion: The homogeneous, cytoplasmic, and granular CK14 immunoreactivity is sensitive and specific for oncocytic tumours, whereas CK14 immunoreactivity in renal mimics is light and sporadic with peripheral accentuation.