FTY720, a novel immunosuppressant, induces sequestration of circulating mature lymphocytes by acceleration of lymphocyte homing in rats, III. Increase in frequency of CD62L-positive T cells in Peyer’s patches by FTY720-induced lymphocyte homing


Dr Kenji Chiba Research Laboratories, Yoshitomi Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, 3-7-25, Koyata, Iruma, Saitama, 358-0026 Japan.


FTY720, a novel immunosuppressant, sequesters circulating mature lymphocytes, especially T cells, within lymph nodes and Peyer’s patches by accelerating lymphocyte homing, and thereby causes lymphocyte depletion in the blood. The FTY720-induced acceleration of lymphocyte homing appears to be mediated by lymphocyte homing receptors including CD62L, CD49d/β7, and CD11a/CD18. In this study, expressions of CD62L, CD49d and CD11a on T cells in the peripheral blood, lymph nodes and Peyer’s patches were analysed by flow cytometry in rats given FTY720 (1 mg/kg) orally. FTY720 markedly decreased the number of peripheral blood T cells, while not affecting CD62L, CD49d and CD11a expressions at 1–3 hr after administration. In contrast, both the frequency of CD62L-positive T cells and intensity of CD62L expression on T cells were increased in Peyer’s patches but not lymph nodes at 3 hr after administration of FTY720. CD49d and CD11a expressions on T cells were unaffected by FTY720 in both Peyer’s patches and lymph nodes at the same point in time. On the other hand, analysis of lymphocyte homing with calcein-labelled lymphocytes and anti-CD62L monoclonal antibody (mAb) confirmed that FTY720 predominantly increased CD62L-dependent lymphocyte homing to Peyer’s patches. These findings indicate that FTY720 increases the frequency of CD62L-positive T cells by accelerating CD62L-predominant homing in Peyer’s patches.