This work was supported by research grants from the Netherlands Asthma Foundation and ‘Stichting Astma Bestrijding’.
Interaction between nitric oxide and subsets of human T lymphocytes with differences in glutathione metabolism
Article first published online: 8 NOV 2002
Volume 107, Issue 3, pages 334–339, November 2002
How to Cite
Roozendaal, R., Kauffman, H. F., Dijkhuis, A.-J., Ommen, E. T. V., Postma, D. S., De Monchy, J. G. R. and Vellenga, E. (2002), Interaction between nitric oxide and subsets of human T lymphocytes with differences in glutathione metabolism. Immunology, 107: 334–339. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2567.2002.01502.x
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2002
- Article first published online: 8 NOV 2002
- Received 5 March 2002; revised 1 July 2002; accepted 9 July 2002.
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates human T-lymphocyte responses through several mechanisms. In the current study we show that interactions between NO and glutathione (GSH) metabolism are related to the selective persistent inhibition of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by NO, which we previously identified. T cells were exposed to NO using the NO-donor compound Spermine-nonoate (Sper) and activated using anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies. Persistent inhibition of IFN-γ by Sper was prevented by addition of the GSH precursor l-cysteine, which inhibits Sper induced GSH depletion. Subsets of cells were either susceptible (GSHlow) or resistant (GSHhigh) to NO-induced GSH depletion. The GSHlow subset was characterized by enhanced numbers of CD4+ cells, reduced numbers of activated cells as characterized by CD25 and CD69, and reduced numbers of memory (CD45RO+) cells relative to the GSHhigh population. Rather than directly affecting susceptibility to NO, these surface markers reflected different expression patterns. Particularly, the GSHlow subset was further characterized by decreased activity of the GSH synthesis related enzymes multi-drug resistance related protein (MRP)-1 and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (γ-GT). Blocking γ-GT, using acivicin was shown to exacerbate NO-induced GSH depletion and NO-induced apoptosis. Since NO induced apoptosis selectively affects IFN-γ production these findings implicate GSH metabolism in the modulation and maintenance of the T helper (Th)1/Th2 balance.