Cytochrome P450s CYP6D3 and CYP6D1 are part of a P450 gene cluster on autosome 1 in the house fly

Authors


Dr Jeffrey G. Scott, Department of Entomology, Comstock Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853–0901 USA. Tel.: (607) 255-7340; fax: (607) 255 0939; e-mail:jgs5@cornell.edu

Abstract

The P450 monooxygenases of insects are important in the metabolism of numerous endogenous and exogenous compounds. However, identity of the P450 isoform(s) involved in these reactions is rarely known. A critical first step in the identification of important P450s is the cloning and sequencing of their genes. Toward this goal we report the genomic sequence of a new cytochrome P450, termed CYP6D3, from the house fly, Musca domestica. CYP6D3 is part of a P450 gene cluster located on chromosome 1 and is located upstream of a related gene, CYP6D1. The similar genetic structures of CYP6D3 and CYP6D1 (5 exons and 4 introns of similar length) suggest one of these genes may have been the result of a duplication event. The CYP6D3 deduced amino acid sequence indicates a protein with 518 amino acids and a molecular weight of 59.3 kDa. The CYP6D3 protein is most similar to house fly CYP6D1 (78%) and Cyp6D2 (56%) from Drosophila melanogaster. The deduced amino acid sequences of CYP6D3 and CYP6D1 are identical at the Helix I and heme binding regions.

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