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Keywords:

  • Aedes albopictus;
  • mitogen-activated protein kinase;
  • c-Jun amino-terminal kinase;
  • phagocytosis

Abstract

When Western blot analysis of heat-killed bacteria- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated Aedes albopictus mosquito cell line C6/36 was performed using antiphospholyrated c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) antibodies, approximately 46 kDa protein was clearly detected with a peak around 30 min. After the C6/36 cells were incubated at 45 °C in order to induce apoptosis, the 46 kDa protein continued to be detected for at least 3 h. The internalization of fluorescein-labelled bacteria was inhibited by a JNK-specific inhibitor SP600125, suggesting that phagocytosis involves the JNK signalling pathway in mosquito cells. Based on these results, we found one candidate for the nucleotide sequence of JNK (Ae-JNK) from the C6/36 cells. This study is the first report regarding the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) of mosquito.