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Complications during root canal irrigation – literature review and case reports


PD Dr M. Hülsmann, Department of Operative Dentistry, University of Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, D-37075 Göttingen (fax: +551 392037).



Literature review and case reports

The literature concerning the aetiology, symptomatology and therapy of complications during root canal irrigation is reviewed. Three cases of inadvertent injection of sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide beyond the root apex are presented. Clinical symptoms are discussed, as well as preventive and therapeutic considerations.