• Air velocity;
  • batch chiller;
  • computational fluid dynamics;
  • continuous chiller;
  • plant operation

Airflow patterns determine process efficiency in beef carcass chilling. An experimental study of air velocity in six industrial chillers (three batch and three continuous systems) afforded a diagnosis of their overall operation. However, the original experimental method did not provide an ideal chiller design: only configurations that were a priori more favourable for carcass chilling than others were identified. To complete the study, calculations were performed using computational fluid dynamics techniques. Applied to a continuous beef carcass chiller, this helped correct a dysfunction revealed in the experimental diagnosis, resulting in a marked lack of ventilation throughout about half the volume of the plant.