The discipline of nursing: historical roots, current perspectives, future directions


  • Maureen C Shaw RN MN

    1. Clinical Nurse Specialist, The Arthritis Society (BC and Yukon Division), 895 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, V5Z 1L 7, Canada
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As advances in nursing science and research impact upon nursing education and clinical practice, new ways of looking at phenomena have led to a re-examination and refinement of the traditional concepts person, environment, health and nursing This evolving pattern of intellectual growth holds promise for the discipline of nursing through the advancement of knowledge based upon scientific inquiry into the practice of nursing This paper discusses nursing as a discipline by examining the development of a unique body of knowledge from three viewpoints historical past, current perspectives and future direction