Problems of cardiac patients in early recovery


Tiny Jaarsma, Department of Nursing Science, University of Limburg, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands


Most studies of the problems and information needs of patients describe these only for the period of hospitalization In this study, however, the authors focused on the first 6 months after discharge Eighty-two cardiac patients, admitted to a university hospital with a myocardial infarction (MI) or for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS), were interviewed 6 months after discharge Questions required them to describe problems they experienced in early recovery and what information they needed All but one of the 82 patients stated they had experienced problems during the first 6 months after discharge Most problems descnbed concerned emotional reactions (59%), their change in physical condition (59%), deleterious effects of treatment (56%) and convalescence (54%) Topics on which most patients needed additional or different information were deleterious effects of the treatment (26%), physical condition (24%), risk factors (24%), convalescence (24%) and knowledge of the disease (24%)