This paper critically examines the recent work of Tom Kitwood and his colleagues at the Bradford Dementia Group After initial details relating to Kitwood's early work and the development of the research group, the paper sets out Kitwood's ideas regarding the nature of dementia and dementia care Four areas of contribution made by Kitwood are outlined Problems relating to Kitwood's research methods are then put forward In conclusion, it is suggested that while Kitwood's work will undoubtedly help enhance the care given to elderly demented people, more work needs to be done to ensure the validity of his methods