Peppermint oil: a treatment for postoperative nausea

Authors

  • Sylvina Tate MSc BSc (Hons) RGN DipN PGDE RNT

    Corresponding author
    1. Lecturer Practitioner, Liverpool (John Moores) University and BUPA North Cheshire Hospital, England
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Sylvina Tate, 5 Delfur Road, Bramhall, Stockport, Cheshire SK7 2HG, England.

Abstract

This paper describes a research study to investigate the efficacy of peppermint oil as a treatment for postoperative nausea. It uses a three-condition experimental design using statistical analysis to compare groups. The Kruskal–Wallis test was used to establish significance and the Mann–Whitney test to differentiate significance between the groups. The control, placebo and experimental groups of gynaecological patients were compared, using variables known to affect postoperative nausea. They were found to be homogeneous for the purposes of the study. A statistically significant difference was demonstrated on the day of operation, using the Kruskal-Wallis test, P= 0·0487. Using the Mann-Whitney test the difference was shown to be between the placebo and experimental group (U=3; P= 0·02). The experimental group also required less traditional antiemetics and received more opioid analgesia postoperatively. The total cost of the treatment was 48 pence per person.

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