Development and testing of the Family Caregiving Consequences Inventory for home nursing assessment in Taiwan
This paper describes the development and psychometric testing of the Family Caregiving Consequences Inventory (FCCI). Data were collected from a convenience sample of 97 families in Taiwan to examine the validity and reliability of the three FCCI scales: frail elder outcomes, caregiver outcomes and family outcomes. Acceptable test–retest and internal consistency reliabilities were found, though inter-rater reliability was unsatisfactory. Criterion-related validity was demonstrated by congruence with home nursing specialists’ assessment of family caregiving outcomes. Confirmatory factor analysis with a good overall model fit supported the construct validity of FCCI. However, a poor fit of the internal measurement structure was found for the frail elder outcomes scale and the family outcome scale. Studies with larger samples are needed to further verify the measurement models used here. Nevertheless, in its current form, the FCCI can be used to increase the sensitivity of home care nurses to family caregiving situations and provide an instrument for studies of family caregiving in Taiwan and other countries with similar home care needs.