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Keywords:

  • quality of life;
  • health status;
  • HIV infection;
  • AIDS;
  • CD4;
  • antiretroviral therapy;
  • SWED-QUAL;
  • HI;
  • nursing;
  • medical care

The health-related quality of life in a Swedish sample of HIV-infected persons

The purposes of the present study are (1) to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and the subjective health status in a sample of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons (2) to relate the results to different population groups and (3) to investigate the relationship of medical and demographic variables with HRQOL. A total of 72 HIV-infected men were included. They answered the Swedish health-related quality of life questionnaire and the health index. Demographic and medical data were obtained from the medical records. The data collection took place before entering a therapeutic HIV vaccine trial. The results showed a more negative impact on the HRQOL and subjective health status in the HIV-positive subjects, compared with male population groups. The dimensions of emotional well-being were most affected. When comparisons were made according to the medical and demographic variables for different subgroups within the HIV sample, differences in the physical-dimension scales were most prominent. Symptomatic HIV infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), anti-retroviral treatment, sick leave or disability pension, low income and basic education were associated with worse HRQOL and health status. In conclusion, it is of utmost importance to take into account, aspects of the patients’ emotional well-being in nursing, as well as in medical care and interventions. Moreover, individualized caring programs are needed because the disruptions in HRQOL fluctuated within the HIV sample.