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Ways to improve the structure of your article

  1. Top of page
  2. Ways to improve the structure of your article
  3. International readership
  4. Use of abbreviations

• Do not be afraid to use the first person. For example:

We hypothesized that is better than It was hypothesized

I recruited interviewees is better than The researcher recruited interviewees

We found that is better than It was found that

• Short words and sentences are always best, for example:

userather than

in within

on upon

use utilize

maintaining the maintenance of

developing the development of

about in relation to, with regard to, etc.

it seems that it would seem that

• Use plurals to avoid repetition an awkward phrases. For example:

Nurses should always ask patients to give their consent before starting to give care

is better than:

The nurse should always ask the patient to give his/her consent before starting to give care

• When you have written your article, read it aloud. This will help you to check the punctuation and check that it makes sense.

• Reading it aloud will help you to find and remove all unnecessary examples of `the'. This makes the article `move along' in a livelier way. For example:.

Nurses developed good relationships with patients

is better than

The nurses developed good relationships with the patients

• Reading it aloud will also help you to find and remove awkward repetitions. For example:

Women told us that their symptoms were improved and those in the intervention group reported less fatigue

is better than

Women told us that their symptoms were improved and women in the intervention group reported less fatigue

• Invite a colleague to read your article and provide a critical appraisal on your style of presentation.

International readership

  1. Top of page
  2. Ways to improve the structure of your article
  3. International readership
  4. Use of abbreviations

• Remember that JAN is an international journal – explain things that may be specific to your own country or culture, for example:

userather than

emergency call code

clinical nurse manager F grade

• Avoid jargon. For example:

useavoid

doctors /physicians medics

endoscopes scopes

Registered Nurse D grade

Use of abbreviations

  1. Top of page
  2. Ways to improve the structure of your article
  3. International readership
  4. Use of abbreviations

Explain abbreviations the first time you use them, for example:

National Service Framework (NSF)

National Health Service Executive  (NHSE)

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

Some of these may be obvious to you, but not to someone working in another specialty or from a different country. For example the WHO is the OMS to a French or Portuguese speaker!

World Health Organization

Organization Mundial de la Santé (French)

Organisação Mundial da Saùde  (Portuguese)