SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Azevedo, J.C.M., Jack, S.B., Coulson, R.N. & Wunneburger, D.F. (2000) Functional heterogeneity of forest landscapes and the distribution and abundance of the red-cockaded woodpecker. Forest Ecology and Management, 127, 271283.
  • Beissinger, S.T. & Westphal, M.I. (1998) On the use of demographic models of population viability in endangered species management. Journal of Wildlife Management, 62, 821841.
  • Bliss, C.I. & Fisher, R.A. (1953) Fitting the negative binomial distribution to biological data and a note on efficiently fitting the negative binomial. Biometrics, 9, 176200.
  • Brawn, J.D. & Robinson, S.K. (1996) Source–sink population dynamics may complicate the interpretation of long-term census data. Ecology, 77, 312.
  • Breininger, D.R. (1999) Florida scrub-jay demography and dispersal in a fragmented landscape. Auk, 116, 520527.
  • Carter, J.H. III, Stamps, R.T. & Doerr, P.D. (1983) Status of the red-cockaded woodpecker in the North Carolina Sandhills. Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Symposium II (ed. D. A.Wood), pp. 2429. Florida Game and Freshwater. Fisheries Commission, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, GA.
  • Conner, R.N. & Rudolph, D.C. (1991) Forest habitat loss, fragmentation, and red-cockaded woodpecker populations. Wilson Bulletin, 103, 446457.
  • Conner, R.N. & Rudolph, D.C. (1995) Excavation dynamics and use patterns of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities: relationships with cooperative breeding. Red-Cockaded Woodpecker: Recovery, Ecology and Management (eds D. L.Kulhavy, R. G.Hooper & R.Costa), pp. 343352. Center for Applied Studies in Forestry, College of Forestry, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX.
  • Conner, R.N., Rudolph, D.C., Schaefer, R.R. & Saenz, D. (1997) Long-distance dispersal of red-cockaded woodpeckers in Texas. Wilson Bulletin, 109, 157160.
  • Conner, R.N., Rudolph, D.C. & Walters, J.R. (2001) The Red-Cockaded Woodpecker: Surviving in a Fire-Maintained Ecosystem. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.
  • Cooper, C.B. & Walters, J.R. (2002) Experimental evidence of disrupted dispersal causing decline of an Australian passerine in fragmented habitat. Conservation Biology, 16, 471478.
  • Dale, S. (2001) Female-biased dispersal, low female recruitment, unpaired males, and the extinction of small and isolated bird populations. Oikos, 92, 344356.
  • Daniels, S.J. (1997) Female dispersal and inbreeding in the red-cockaded woodpecker. Master Thesis. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
  • Daniels, S.J. & Walters, J.R. (2000a) Dispersal of breeding female red-cockaded woodpeckers. Ecology, 81, 24732484.
  • Daniels, S.J. & Walters, J.R. (2000b) Inbreeding depression and its effects on natal dispersal in red-cockaded woodpeckers. Condor, 102, 482491.
  • Daniels, S.J., Priddy, J.A. & Walters, J.R. (2000) Inbreeding in small populations of red-cockaded woodpeckers: insights from a spatially-explicit individual-based model. Genetics, Demography and Viability of Fragmented Populations (eds A. G.Young & G. M.Clarke), pp. 129147. Cambridge University Press, London, UK.
  • Dawson, W.R., Ligon, J.D., Murphey, J.R., Myers, J.P., Simberloff, D. & Verner, J. (1987) Report of the scientific advisory panel on the spotted owl. Condor, 89, 205229.
  • Debinski, D.M. & Holt, R.D. (2000) A survey and overview of habitat fragmentation experiments. Conservation Biology, 14, 342355.
  • Doerr, P.D., Walters, J.R. & Carter, J.H. III (1989) Reoccupation of abandoned clusters of cavity trees (colonies) by red-cockaded woodpeckers. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, 43, 326336.
  • Emlen, S.T. (1991) The evolution of cooperative breeding in birds and mammals. Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach (eds J. R.Krebs & N. B.Davies), pp. 301337. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK.
  • Faaborg, J., Brittingham, M., Donovan, T. & Blake, J. (1995) Habitat fragmentation in the temperate zone. Ecology and Management of Neotropical Migratory Birds (eds T. E.Martin & D. M.Finch), pp. 357380. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Faaborg, J., Thompson, F.R. III, Robinson, S.K., Donovan, T.M., Whitehead, D.R. & Brawn, J.D. (1998) Understanding fragmented midwestern landscapes: the future. Avian Conservation: Research and Management (eds J. M.Marzluff & R.Sallabanks), pp. 193207. Island Press, Washington DC.
  • Fahrig, L. (2001) How much habitat is enough? Biological Conservation, 100, 6574.
  • Ferral, D.P. & Edwards, J.W. (1997) Long-distance dispersal of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Wilson Bulletin, 109, 154157.
  • Fitzpatrick, J.W., Woolfenden, G.E. & Bowman, R. (1999) Dispersal distance and its demographic consequences in the Florida Scrub-jay. Proceedings of the 22nd International Ornithological Congress, Durban (eds N. J.Adams & R. H.Slotow), pp. 24652479. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • Grimm, V. (1999) Ten years of individual-based modelling in ecology: what have we learned and what could we learn for the future? Ecological Modelling, 115, 129148.
  • Harding, S.R. (1997) The dynamics of cavity excavation and use by the red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). Masters Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
  • Harrison, S. & Bruna, E. (1999) Habitat fragmentation and large-scale conservation: what do we know for sure? Ecography, 22, 225232.
  • Hill, J.K., Thomas, J.D. & Lewis, O.T. (1996) Effects of habitat patch size and isolation on dispersal by Hesperia comma butterflies: implications for metapopulation structure. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65, 725735.
  • Hooper, R.G. (1983) Colony formation by red-cockaded woodpeckers: hypotheses and management implications. Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Symposium II (ed. D. A.Wood), pp. 7277. Florida Game and Freshwater Fishery Commission, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, GA.
  • Jackson, J.A. (1994) Red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). The Birds of North America (eds A.Poole & F.Gill), No. 85. Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, AOU, Washington, DC.
  • James, F.C. (1995) The status of the red-cockaded woodpecker in 1990 and the prospect for recovery. Red-Cockaded Woodpecker: Recovery, Ecology and Management (eds D. L.Kulhavy, R. G.Hooper & R.Costa), pp. 439451. Center for Applied Studies in Forestry, College of Forestry, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX.
  • Kindvall, O. (1999) Dispersal in a metapopulation of the bush cricket, Metrioptera bicolor (Orthoptera: Tettigonidae). Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 172185.
  • Koenig, W.D., Carmen, W.J., Mumme, R.L. & Stanback, M.T. (1992) The evolution of delayed dispersal in cooperative breeders. Quarterly Review of Biology, 67, 111150.
  • Komdeur, J., Huffstadt, A., Prast, W., Castle, G., Mileto, R. & Wattel, J. (1995) Transfer experiments of Seychelles warblers to new islands: changes in dispersal and helping behavior. Animal Behavior, 49, 695708.
  • Lande, R. (1987) Extinction thresholds in demographic models of territorial populations. American Naturalist, 130, 624635.
  • Van Lengefelde, F. (2000) Scale of habitat connectivity and colonization in fragmented nuthatch populations. Ecography, 23, 614622.
  • Letcher, B.H., Priddy, J.A., Walters, J.R. & Crowder, L.B. (1998) An individual-based, spatially-explicit simulation model of the population dynamics of the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis. Biological Conservation, 86, 114.
  • Matthysen, E. (1999) Nuthatches (Sitta Europaea: Aves) in forest fragments: demography of a patchy population. Oecologia, 119, 501509.
  • Porneluzi, P., Bednarz, J.C., Goodrich, L.J., Zawada, N. & Hoover, J. (1993) Reproductive performance of territorial ovenbirds occupying forest fragments and a continuous forest in Pennsylvania. Conservation Biology, 7, 618622.
  • Power, M. (1993) The predictive validation of ecological and environmental models. Ecological Modelling, 68, 3350.
  • Pulliam, H.R., Dunning, J.B. & Liu, J. (1992) Population dynamics in complex landscapes: a case study. Ecological Applications, 2, 165177.
  • Robinson, S.K., Thompson, F.R. III, Donovan, T.M., Whitehead, D.R. & Faaborg, J. (1995) Regional forest fragmentation and the nesting success of migratory birds. Science, 267, 19871990.
  • SAS Institute (19992000) SAS Propriety Software Release 8·1. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
  • Sisk, T.D., Haddad, N.M. & Ehrlich, P.R. (1997) Bird assemblages in patchy woodlands: modeling the effects of edge and matrix habitats. Ecological Applications, 7, 11701180.
  • Stacey, P.B. & Ligon, J.D. (1991) The benefits of philopatry hypothesis for the evolution of cooperative breeding: variation in territory quality and group size effects. American Naturalist, 137, 831846.
  • Stith, B.M., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Woolfenden, G.E. & Pranty, B. (1996) Classification and conservation of metapopulations: a case study of the Florida scrub-jay. Metapopulations and Wildlife Conservation (ed. D. R.McCullough), pp. 187215. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • Stouffer, P. & Bierregaard, R.O.J. (1995) Use of Amazonian forest fragments by understory insectivorous birds. Ecology, 76, 24292445.
  • Walters, J.R. (1990) Red-cockaded woodpeckers: a ‘primitive’ cooperative breeder. Cooperative Breeding in Birds: Long-Term Studies of Ecology and Behavior (eds P. B.Stacey & W. D.Koenig), pp. 67101. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Walters, J.R. (1991) Application of ecological principles to the management of endangered species: the case of the red-cockaded woodpecker. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 22, 505523.
  • Walters, J.R., Crowder, L.B. & Priddy, J.A. (2002) Population viability analysis for red-cockaded woodpeckers using an individual-based model. Ecological Applications, 12, 249260.
  • Walters, J.R., Doerr, P.D. & Carter, J.H. III (1988a) The cooperative breeding system of the red-cockaded woodpecker. Ethology, 78, 275305.
  • Walters, J.R., Ford, H.A. & Cooper, C.B. (1999) The ecological basis of sensitivity of brown treecreepers to habitat fragmentation: a preliminary assessment. Biological Conservation, 90, 1320.
  • Walters, J.R., Hansen, S.K., Carter, J.H. III, Manor, P.D. & Blue, R.J. (1988b) Long-distance dispersal of an adult red-cockaded woodpecker. Wilson Bulletin, 100, 494496.
  • Zack, S. & Rabenold, K.N. (1989) Assessment, age and proximity in dispersal contests among cooperative wrens: field experiments. Animal Behaviour, 38, 235247.
  • Zanette, L. (2000) Fragment size and the demography of an area-sensitive songbird. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 458470.
  • Zanette, L., Doyle, P. & Tremont, S.M. (2000) Food shortage in small fragments: evidence from an area-sensitive passerine. Ecology, 81, 16541666.