SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Altmann, J. 1974 Observational study of behaviour: sampling methods. Behaviour, 49, 227267.
  • Belangér, L. & Bedard, J. 1989 Responses of staging Greater Snow Geese to human disturbance. Journal of Wildlife Management, 53, 713719.
  • Burger, J. 1981 The effect of human activity on birds at a coastal bay. Biological Conservation, 21, 231241.
  • Davidson, N.C. & Rothwell, P.I. 1993 Human disturbance to waterfowl on estuaries: conservation and coastal management implications of current knowledge. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68, 97105.
  • Fox, A.D. & Madsen, J. 1997 Behavioural and distributional effects of hunting disturbance on waterbirds in Europe: implications for refuge design. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 113.
  • Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. 1996 A method to quantify the effects of human disturbance on animal populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 786792.
  • Hill, D., Hockin, D., Price, D., Tucker, G., Morris, R. & Treweek, J. 1997 Bird disturbance: improving the quality and utility of disturbance research. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 275788.
  • Hurlbert, S.H. 1978 The measurement of niche overlap and some relatives. Ecology, 59, 6777.
  • Koepff, C. & Dietrich, K. 1986 Störungen von Küstenvögeln durch Wasserfahrzeuge. Vogelwarte, 33, 232748.
  • Madsen, J. 1993 Managing hunting disturbance for wise use of Danish waterfowl. Waterfowl and Wetland Conservation in the 1990s—a Global Perspective (eds M.Moser, R.C.Prentice & J.Van Vessem), pp. 9396. IWRB Special Publication 26. IWRB, Slimbridge, UK.
  • Madsen, J. 1994 Impacts of disturbance on migratory waterfowl. Ibis, 137, S67S74.
  • Madsen, J. 1998 Experimental refuges for migratory waterfowl in Danish wetlands. II. Tests of hunting disturbance effects. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 398417.
  • Madsen, J., Bøgebjerg, E., Kristensen, J.B., Frikke, J. & Hounisen, J.P. 1992b Forsøgsreservat Ulvshale-Nyord: Baggrundsundersøgelser efteraÅret 1985 til foraÅret 1989. Faglig Rapport Fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser, 47, 157.
  • Madsen, J. & Fox, A.D. 1995 Impacts of hunting disturbance on waterbirds – a review. Wildlife Biology, 1, 193207.
  • Madsen, J., Frikke, J., Kristensen, J.B., Bøgebjerg, E. & Hounisen, J.P. 1992a Forsøgsreservat Nibe Bredning: Baggrundsundersøgelser efteraÅret 1985 til foraÅret 1989. Faglig Rapport Fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser, 46, 150.
  • Mayhew, P. 1988 The daily energy intake of European Wigeon in winter. Ornis Scandinavica, 19, 217223.
  • Meltofte, H. 1982 Shooting disturbance of waterfowl. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift, 76, 2135.
  • Owen, M. 1993 The UK shooting disturbance project. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68, 3546.
  • Riddington, R., Hassall, M., Lane, S.J., Turner, P.A. & Walters, R. 1996 The impact of disturbance on the behaviour and energy budgets of brent geese Branta b. Bernicla. Bird Study, 43, 269279.
  • Stock, M. 1993 Studies on the effects of disturbances on staging brent geese: a progress report. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68, 2934.
  • Urfi, A.J., Goss-Custard, J.D., Durell, S.E.A., Le, V. & Dit 1996 The ability of oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus to compensate for lost feeding time: field studies on individually marked birds. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 873883.
  • Zar, J.H. 1984Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA.