SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Archibald, W.R. & Jessup, R.H. 1984 Population dynamics of the pine marten (Martes americana) in the Yukon Territory. Northern Ecology and Resource Management (eds R.Olson, R.Hastings & F.Geddes), pp. 8197. University of Alberta Press, edmonton, Canada.
  • Balharry, D. 1993 Factors affecting the distribution and population density of pine martens (Martes martes L.) in Scotland. PhD Thesis. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
  • Bartell, S.M. & Brenkert, A.L. 1991 A spatial-temporal model of nitrogen dynamics in a deciduous forest watershed. Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology (eds M.G.Turner & R.H.Gardner), pp. 379398. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Bjärvall, A., Nilsson, E. & Norling, L. 1977 The importance of old-growth forest for capercaillie and marten. Fauna Och Flora, 72, 31–38 [in Swedish].
  • Brainerd, S.M. 1990 The pine marten and forest fragmentation: a review and general hypothesis. Transactions of the 19th International Congress of Game Biologists (ed. S.Myrberget), pp. 421434. Trondheim, Norway.
  • Brainerd, S.M. 1997 Habitat selection and range use by the Eurasian pine marten (Martes martes) In Relation to Commercial Forestry Practices in Southern Boreal Scandinavia. PhD Thesis. Agricultural University of Norway, Norway.
  • Bright, P.W. 1993 Habitat fragmentation – problems and predictions for British mammals. Mammal Review, 23, 101111.
  • Brown, J.K. 1974Handbook for Inventorying Downed Woody Material. General Technical Report INT-16. USDA Forest Service, Ogden, UT.
  • Buskirk, S.W., Forrest, S.C., Raphael, M.G. & Harlow, H.J. 1989 Winter resting site ecology of martens in the central Rocky Mountains. Journal of Wildlife Management, 53, 191196.
  • Buskirk, S.W. & MacDonald, S.O. 1984 Seasonal food habits of martens in south-central Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, 944950.
  • Buskirk, S.W. & Powell, R.A. 1994 Habitat ecology of fishers and American martens. Martens, Sables, and Fishers: Biology and Conservation (eds S.W.Buskirk, A.S.Harestad, M.G.Raphael & R.A.Powell), pp. 283296. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
  • Campbell, T.M. 1979 Short-term effects of timber harvests on pine marten ecology. MS Thesis. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.
  • Chapin, T.G. 1995 Influence of landscape pattern and forest type on use of habitat by marten in Maine. MS Thesis. University of Maine, Orono, ME.
  • Chapin, T.G. & Harrison, D.J. 1998 Influence of landscape pattern on habitat use by American marten in an industrial forest. Conservation Biology, 12, 13271338.
  • Chen, J., Franklin, J.F. & Spies, T.A. 1995 Growing-season microclimatic gradients from clearcut edges into old-growth Douglas-fir forests. Ecological Applications, 5, 7486.
  • Clark, T.W. & Campbell, T.M. 1979 Population organization and regulatory mechanisms of pine martens in Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. Conference on Scientific Research in National Parks, Vol. 1 (ed. R.M.Linn), pp. 293295. National Park Service Transactions and Proceedings Series 5. National Park Service, Washington, DC.
  • Corn, J.G. & Raphael, M.G. 1992 Habitat characteristics at marten subnivean access sites. Journal of Wildlife Management, 56, 442448.
  • Daniel, T.W. & Sterba, H. 1980 Zur ansprache der bestandesdichte. Allgemeine Forstzeitung, 91, 155157.
  • Diamond, J.M. 1975 The island dilemma: lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of natural reserves. Biological Conservation, 7, 129146.
  • Drew, G.S. 1995 Winter habitat selection by American marten (Martes americana) In Newfoundland: why old growth? PhD Thesis. Utah State University, Logan, UT.
  • Efron, B. & Tibshirani, R.J. 1993An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Chapman & Hall Inc, New York, NY.
  • Franklin, J.F. & Forman, R.T.T. 1987 Creating landscape patterns by forest cutting: ecological consequences and principles. Landscape Ecology, 1, 518.
  • Frome, E.L., Kutner, M.H. & Beauchamp, J.J. 1973 Regression analysis of Poisson-distributed data. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 68, 935940.
  • Grakov, N.N. 1972 Effect of concentrated clearfellings on the abundance of pine marten (Martes martes L.). Byulleteeń Moskovskogo 0bshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii, 77, 14–23 [in Russian, with English summary].
  • Gustafson, E.J. & Parker, G.R. 1992 Relationships between landcover proportion and indices of landscape spatial pattern. Landscape Ecology, 7, 101110.
  • Hargis, C.D. & Bissonette, J.A. 1997 Effects of forest fragmentation on populations of American marten in the intermountain west. Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques and Management (eds G.Proulx, H.Bryant & P.M.Woodard), pp. 437451. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Hargis, C.D., Bissonette, J.A. & David, J.L. 1997 Understanding measures of landscape pattern. Wildlife and Landscape Ecology: Effects of Pattern and Scale (ed. J.A.Bissonette), pp. 231261. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Hargis, C.D. & McCullough, D.R. 1984 Winter diet and habitat selection of marten in Yosemite National Park. Journal of Wildlife Management, 48, 140146.
  • Harris, L.D. 1984The Fragmented Forest: Island Biogeography Theory and the Preservation of Biotic Diversity. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
  • Hodgman, T.P., Harrison, D.J., Phillips, D.M. & Elowe, K.D. 1997 Survival of American marten in an untrapped forest preserve in Maine. Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques and Management (eds G.Proulx, H.Bryant & P.M.Woodard), pp. 8699. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Homer, C.G., Ramsey, R.D., Edwards, T.C. Jr & Falconer, A. 1997 Landscape cover-type modeling using a multi-scene thematic mapper mosaic. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 63, 5967.
  • Van Horne, B. 1983 Density as a misleading indicator of habitat quality. Journal of Wildlife Management, 47, 893901.
  • Ims, R.A. 1995 Movement patterns related to spatial structures. Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes (eds L.Hansson, L.Fahrig & G.Merriam), pp. 85109. Chapman & Hall, London, UK.
  • Katnik, D.D. 1992 Spatial use, territoriality, and summer–autumn selection of habitat in an intensively harvested population of martens on commercial forestland in Maine. MS Thesis. University of Maine, Orono, ME.
  • Katnik, D.D., Harrison, D.J. & Hodgman, T.P. 1994 Spatial relations in a harvested population of martens in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management, 5, 600607.
  • Koehler, G.M. & Hornocker, M.G. 1977 Fire effects on marten habitat in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness. Journal of Wildlife Management, 41, 500505.
  • Lofroth, E.C. 1993Scale Dependent Analyses of Habitat Selection by Marten in the Sub-Boreal Spruce Biogeoclimatic Zone, British Columbia. MS Thesis. Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Lord, J.M. & Norton, D.A. 1990 Scale and the spatial concept of fragmentation. Conservation Biology, 4, 197202.
  • McCullagh, P. & Nelder, J.A. 1989Generalized Linear Models. Chapman & Hall, New York, NY.
  • McGarigal, K. & Marks, B.J. 1995 fragstats: Spatial Analysis Program for Quantifying Landscape Structure. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-351. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Portland, OR.
  • Mills, L.S. 1995 Edge effects and isolation: red-backed voles on forest remnants. Conservation Biology, 9, 395403.
  • Milne, B.T. 1991 Lessons from applying fractal models to landscape patterns. Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology (eds M.G.Turner & R.H.Gardner), pp. 199235. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Nordstrom, L. 1995 Small mammal use of forested corridors in fragmented landscapes. MS Thesis. Washington State University, Pullman, WA.
  • O'Doherty, E.C., Ruggiero, L.F. & Henry, S.E. 1997 Home-range size and fidelity of American martens in the Rocky Mountains of southern Wyoming. Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques and Management (eds G.Proulx, H.Bryant & P.M.Woodard), pp. 123134. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
  • O'Neill, R.V., Krummel, J.R., Gardner, R.H., Sugihara, G., Jackson, B., DeAngelis, D.L., Milne, B.T., Turner, M.G., Zygmunt, B., Christensen, S.W., Dale, V.H. & Graham, R.L. 1988 Indices of landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology, 1, 153162.
  • Potvin, F. & Breton, L. 1997 Short-term effects of clearcutting on martens and their prey in the boreal forest of western Quebec. Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques and Management (eds G.Proulx, H.Bryant & P.M.Woodard), pp. 452474. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Powell, R.A. 1994 Structure and spacing of Martes populations. Martens, Sables, and Fishers: Biology and Conservation (eds S.W.Buskirk, A.S.Harestad, M.G.Raphael & R.A.Powell), pp. 101121. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
  • Pulliam, H.R. 1988 Sources, sinks, and population regulation. American Naturalist, 132, 652661.
  • Raphael, M.G. 1988 Habitat associations of small mammals in a subalpine forest, southeastern Wyoming. Management of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Small Mammals in North America (eds R.C.Szaro, K.E.Severson & D.R.Patton), pp. 359366. General Technical Report RM-GTR-166. USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO.
  • Raphael, M.G. & Jones, L.L.C. 1997 Characteristics of resting and denning sites of American martens in central Oregon and western Washington. Martes: Taxonomy, Ecology, Techniques and Management (eds G.Proulx, H.Bryant & P.M.Woodard), pp. 146165. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Reineke, L.H. 1933 Perfecting a stand density index for even-aged forests. Journal of Agricultural Research, 46, 627638.
  • Ripple, W.J., Bradshaw, G.A. & Spies, T.A. 1991 Measuring forest landscape patterns in the Cascade Range of Oregon, USA. Biological Conservation, 57, 7388.
  • Rosenberg, K.V. & Raphael, M.G. 1986 Effects of forest fragmentation on vertebrates in Douglas-fir forests. Wildlife 2000: Modeling Habitat Relationships of Terrestrial Vertebrates (eds J.Verner, M.L.Morrison & C.J.Ralph), pp. 263272. University of Wisconsin press, Madison, WI.
  • Sherburne, S.S. & Bissonette, J.A. 1993 Squirrel middens influence marten use of subnivean access points. American Midland Naturalist, 129, 204207.
  • Sherburne, S.S. & Bissonette, J.A. 1994 Marten subnivean access point use: response to subnivean prey levels. Journal of Wildlife Management, 58, 400405.
  • Simon, T.L. 1980 An ecological study of the marten in the Tahoe National Forest, California. MS Thesis. California State University, Sacramento, CA.Snyder, J.E. & Bissonette, J.A. (1987) Marten use of clear-cuttings and residual forest stands in western Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 65, 169174.
  • Soutiere, E.C. 1979 Effects of timber harvesting on marten in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management, 43, 850860.
  • Spencer, W.D., Barrett, R.H. & Zielinski, W.J. 1983 Marten habitat preferences in the northern Sierra Nevada. Journal of Wildlife Management, 47, 11811186.
  • Spies, T.A., Ripple, W.J. & Bradshaw, G.A. 1994 Dynamics and pattern of a managed coniferous forest landscape in Oregon. Ecological Applications, 4, 555568.
  • Steventon, J.D. & Major, J.T. 1982 Marten use of habitat in a commercially clear-cut forest. Journal of Wildlife Management, 46, 175182.
  • Taylor, S.L. 1993 Thermodynamics and energetics of resting site use by the American marten (Martes americana). MS Thesis. University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.
  • Thomas, J.W. 1979Wildlife Habitats in Managed Forests: the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Agriculture Handbook Number 533. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
  • Thompson, I.D. 1994 Marten populations in uncut and logged boreal forests in Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management, 58, 272279.
  • Thompson, I.D. & Colgan, P.W. 1994 Marten activity in uncut and logged boreal forests in Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management, 58, 280288.
  • Thompson, I.D. & Harestad, A.S. 1994 Effects of logging on American martens, and models for habitat management. Martens, Sables, and Fishers: Biology and Conservation (eds S.W.Buskirk, A.S.Harestad, M.G.Raphael & R.A.Powell), pp. 355367. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
  • Turner, M.G. 1987Landscape Heterogeneity and Disturbance. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Turner, M.G. & Dale, V.H. 1991 Modeling landscape disturbance. Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology (eds M.G.Turner & R.H.Gardner), pp. 323352. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Turner, M.G., Gardner, R.H., Dale, V.H. & O'Neill, R.V. 1989 Predicting the spread of disturbance across heterogeneous landscapes. Oikos, 55, 121129.
  • Verboom, B. & Van Apeldoorn, R. 1990 Effects of habitat fragmentation on the red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris. Landscape Ecology, 4, 171176.
  • Voss, R.F. 1988 Fractals in natures: from characterization to simulation. The Science of Fractal Images (eds H.O.Peitgen & D.Saupe), pp. 2170. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Wallin, D.O., Swanson, F.J. & Marks, B. 1994 Landscape pattern response to changes in pattern generation rules: land-use legacies in forestry. Ecological Applications, 4, 569580.
  • Weckwerth, R.P. & Hawley, V.D. 1962 Marten food habits and population fluctuations in Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management, 26, 5574.
  • Whitcomb, R.F., Robbins, C.S., Lynch, J.F., Whitcomb, B.L., Klimkiewicz, M.K. & Bystrak, D. 1981 Effects of forest fragmentation on avifauna of the eastern deciduous forest. Forest Island Dynamics in Man-Dominated Landscapes (eds R.L.Burgess & D.M.Sharpe), pp. 125205. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Wiens, J.A., Stenseth, N.C., Van Horne, B. & Ims, R.A. 1993 Ecological mechanisms and landscape ecology. Oikos, 66, 369380.
  • Wilcox, B.A. 1980 Insular ecology and conservation. Conservation Biology: an Evolutionary-Ecological Perspective (eds M.E.Soulé & B.A.Wilcox), pp. 95117. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.