SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ågren, J. & Zackrisson, O. (1990) Age and size structure of Pinus sylvestris populations on mires in central and northern Sweden. Journal of Ecology, 78, 10491062.
  • Briese, D.T., Pettit, W.J., Swirepik, A. & Walker, A. (2002) A strategy for the biological control of Onopordum spp. thistles in south-eastern Australia. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 12, 121136.
  • Coombs, E.M., Radtke, H., Isaacson, D.L. & Snyder, S.P. (1996) Economic and regional benefits from the biological control of tansy ragwort, Senecio jacobaea, in Oregon. Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 21–26 January 1996 (eds V.C.Moran & J.Hoffman), pp. 489494. University of Cape Town, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
  • Crawley, M.J. (1993) GLIM for Ecologists. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK.
  • Denton, H. (1994) Ecological studies on seedlings of broom, Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link. MSc Thesis. Imperial College, London, UK.
  • Downey, P.O. (2001) Disturbance and invasion ecology of Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link) in Australia. PhD Thesis. University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
  • Downey, P.O. & Smith, J.M.B. (2000) Demography of the invasive shrub Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link) at Barrington Tops, NSW: insights for management. Austral Ecology, 25, 477485.
  • Fowler, S.V., Harman, H.M., Memmott, J., Paynter, Q., Shaw, R., Sheppard, A. & Syrett, P. (1996) Comparing the population dynamics of broom, Cytisus scoparius, as a native plant in the UK and France, and as an invasive alien weed in Australia and New Zealand. Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 21–26 January 1996 (eds V.C.Moran & J.Hoffman), pp. 1926. University of Cape Town, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
  • Hett, J.M. & Loucks, O.L. (1976) Age structure models of balsam fir and eastern hemlock. Journal of Ecology, 64, 10291044.
  • Higgins, S.I., Richardson, D.M. & Cowling, R.M. (2001) Validation of a spatial simulation model of a spreading alien plant population. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 571584.
  • Hoffmann, J.H. & Moran, V.C. (1991) Biocontrol of a perennial legume, Sesbania punicea, using a florivorous weevil, Trichapion lativentre– weed population dynamics with a scarcity of seed. Oecologia, 88, 574576.
  • Hoffmann, J.H. & Moran, V.C. (1998) The population dynamics of an introduced tree, Sesbania punicea, in South Africa, in response to long-term damage caused by different combinations of three species of biological control agents. Oecologia, 114, 343348.
  • Hosking, J.R., Smith, J.M.B. & Sheppard, A.W. (1998) Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link subsp. scoparius. The Biology of Australian Weeds, Vol. 2 (eds F.D.Panetta, R.H.Groves & R.C.H.Shepherd), pp. 7788. R. & F.J. Richardson, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Lazarides, M., Cowley, K. & Hohnen, P. (1997) CSIRO Handbook of Australian Weeds. CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia.
  • Memmott, J., Fowler, S.V., Paynter, Q., Sheppard, A.W. & Syrett, P. (2000) The invertebrate fauna on broom, Cytisus scoparius, in two native and two exotic habitats. Acta Oecologia, 21, 213222.
  • Memmott, J., Fowler, S.V. & Syrett, P. (1997) Impact of the broom twig miner on broom growth and florifory in Canterbury, New Zealand. Proceedings of the 50th New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Lincoln University, Canterbury, 18–21 August 1997 (ed. M.O'Callaghan), pp. 457461. New Zealand Plant Protection Society, Rotorua, New Zealand.
  • Parker, I.M. (2000) Invasion dynamics of Cytisus scoparius: a matrix model approach. Ecological Applications, 10, 726743.
  • Parsons, W.T. & Cuthbertson, E.G. (1992) Noxious Weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne and Sydney, Australia.
  • Paynter, Q., Csurhes, S.M., Heard, T.A., Ireson, J., Julien, M.H., Lloyd, J., Lonsdale, W.M., Palmer, W.A., Sheppard, A.W. & Van Klinken, R.D. (2003) Worth the risk? Introduction of legumes can cause more harm than good: an Australian perspective. Biology of Acacia: advances in legume systematics. II. Proceedings of IV International Legume Conference 2–6 July 2001. Australian Journal of Systematic Botany, 16 (Special edition), 8188.
  • Paynter, Q., Flanagan, G.J., Lonsdale, W.M., Schatz, T. & Steinbauer, M.J. (2000a) Ecological studies to optimise the integrated management of the wetland weed, Mimosa pigra. Proceedings of the X International Symposium of Biological Control of Weeds 4–8 July 1999, Bozeman, USA (ed. N.R. Spencer), pp. 389395.
  • Paynter, Q., Fowler, S.V., Hinz, H.L., Memmott, J., Shaw, R., Sheppard, A.W. & Syrett, P. (1996) Are seed-feeding insects of use for the biological control of broom? Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 19–26 January 1996 (eds V.C.Moran & J.H.Hoffman), pp. 495501. University of Cape Town, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
  • Paynter, Q., Fowler, S.V., Memmott, J., Shaw, R.H. & Sheppard, A.W. (2000b) Determinants of broom (Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link) abundance in Europe. Plant Protection Quarterly, 15, 149155.
  • Paynter, Q., Fowler, S.V., Memmott, J. & Sheppard, A.W. (1998) Factors affecting the establishment of Cytisus scoparius in southern France: implications for managing both native and exotic populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 582595.
  • Rackham, O. (1986) The History of the Countryside. J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd, London, UK.
  • Rees, M. & Hill, R. (2001) Large scale disturbances, biological control and the dynamics of gorse populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 364377.
  • Rees, M. & Paynter, Q. (1997) Biological control of Scotch broom: modelling the determinants of abundance and the potential impact of introduced insect herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 12031222.
  • Roques, K.G., O'Connor, T.G. & Watkinson, A.R. (2001) Dynamics of shrub encroachment in an African savanna: relative influences of fire, herbivory, rainfall and density dependence. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 268280.
  • Rousseau, J. & Loiseau, A. (1982) Structure et cycle de development des peuplements a ‘Cytisus scoparius L.’ dans le chaine des puys. Acta Oecologia Applicata, 3, 155168.
  • Sheppard, A.W., Hodge, P. & Paynter, Q. (2000) Factors affecting broom regeneration in Australia and their management implications. Plant Protection Quarterly, 15, 156161.
  • Sheppard, A.W., Hodge, P., Paynter, Q. & Rees, M. (2002) Factors affecting invasion and persistence of broom Cytisus scoparius in Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 39, 721734.
  • Smith, J.M.B. (1994) The changing ecological impact of broom (Cytisus scoparius) at Barrington Tops, New South Wales. Plant Protection Quarterly, 9, 611.
  • Steele, A.G. (1993) The development of soil seedbanks under broom (Cytisus scoparius) in the Inglewood-Millbrook Region, North Adelaide Hills. BA (Hons.) Thesis. University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
  • Syrett, P., Fowler, S.V., Coombs, E.M., Hosking, J.R., Markin, G.P., Paynter, Q.E. & Sheppard, A.W. (1999) The potential for biological control of Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link) and related weedy species. Biocontrol News and Information, 20, 17N34N.
  • Tarrega, R., Calvo, L. & Trabaud, L. (1992) Effect of high temperatures on seed germination of two woody Leguminosae. Vegetatio, 102, 139147.
  • Thorp, J.R. & Lynch, R. (2000) The Determination of Weeds of National Significance. National Weeds Strategy Executive Committee, Launceston, Tasmania.
  • Waloff, N. (1968) Studies on the insect fauna on Scotch broom, Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Wimmer. Advances in Ecological Research, 5, 87208.
  • Waloff, N. & Richards, O.W. (1977) The effect of insect fauna on growth mortality and natality of broom Sarothamnus scoparius. Journal of Applied Ecology, 14, 787798.
  • Wapshere, A.J. & Hosking, J.R. (1993) Biological control of broom in Australia. Proceedings of the 10th Australian and 14th Asian-Pacific Weed Conference, 6–10 September 1993 (eds J.T.Swarbrick, C.W.L.Henderson, R.J.Jettner, L.Streit & S.R.Walker), pp. 9498. Weed Society of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
  • Williams, P.A. (1983) Secondary vegetation succession on the Port Hills Banks Peninsula, Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 21, 237247.
  • Willis, A.J., Memmott, J. & Forrester, R.I. (2000) Is there evidence for the post-invasion evolution of increased size among invasive plant species? Ecology Letters, 3, 275283.