SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Afzal, M.A. & Minor, P.D. 1994 Instant RNA isolation from virus-infected tissue culture fluid for the polymerase chain reaction. Vaccine, 10, 976 977.
  • Beneduce, F., Pisani, G., Panà, A., Morace, G. 1995 Complete nucleotide sequence of cytopathic hepatitis A virus strain isolated in Italy. Virus Research, 18, 299 309.
  • Bostock, A.D., Mepham, P., Phillips, S., Skidmore, S., Hambling, M.H. 1979 Hepatitis A infection associated with the consumption of mussels. Journal of Infection, 1, 171 177.
  • Croci, L., Cosentino, A.M., De Medici, D., Fiore, A., Moretti, P., Costantini, G., Toti, L. 1998 Isolation of HAV in mussels meeting acceptable bacteriological standards. In: Proceedings of 4th World Congress Foodborne Infections and Intoxications, 7–12June 1998, Vol. II, pp. 797 801(eds Noeckler, K. Teufel, P. Schmidt, K., Weise, E. Berlin, Germany: Federal Institute for Health Protection of Consumers, Veterinary Medicine (FAO/WHO, Collaborating Centre for Research, Training in Food Hygiene & Zoonoses).
  • Croci, L., De Medici, D., Gabrieli, R., Franco, E., Di Pasquale, S. 1992 Effectiveness of water disinfection treatment on depuration of shellfish. Microbiologie-Aliments-Nutrition, 10, 229 232.
  • Di Girolamo, R., Liston, J., Matches, J.R. 1970 Survival of virus in chilled, frozen and processed oyster. Applied Microbiology, 20, 58 63.
  • Directive of Council, 91/492/ CEE & 15 July 1991. Official Gazette of European Community, no. L 268/1, 24 September 1991. Luxembourg. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  • Douglas, A.W., Hackeney, C.R., Carrick, R.J., Lovelace, G., Sobsey, M.D. 1983 Enteric bacterial and viral pathogens and indicator bacteria in hard shell clams. Journal of Food Protection, 46, 493 497.
  • Franco, E., Toti, L., Gabrieli, R., Croci, L., De Medici, D., Panà, A. 1990 Depuration of Mytilus Galloprovincialis experimentally contaminated with hepatitis A virus. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 11, 321 328.
  • Gerba, C.P. & Goyal, S.M. 1978 Detection and occurrence of enteric viruses in shellfish: a review. Journal of Food Protection, 41, 743 754.
  • Goyal, S.M., Gerba, C.P., Melnick, J.L. 1979 Human enterovirus in oyster and their overlaying waters. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 37, 572 575.
  • Koff, R.F. & Sear, H.S. 1967 Internal temperature of steamed clams. Medical Intelligence, 273, 737 739.
  • Mele, A., Stroffolini, T., Palumbo, F., Gallo, G., Ragni, P., Balocchini, E., Tosti, M.E., Corona, R., Marzolini, A., Moiraghi, A. 1997 Incidence of and risk factors for hepatitis A in Italy: public health indications from a 10-year surveillance. Journal of of Hepatology, 26, 743 747.
  • Millard, J., Appleton, H., Parry, J.V. 1987 Studies on heat inactivation of hepatitis A virus with special reference to shellfish. Epidemiology Infection, 98, 397 414.
  • Portnoy, B.L., Mackoviak, P.A., Caraway, C.T., Walkeer, J.A., Mekinley, T.W., Klein, C.A. 1975 Oyster-associated hepatitis: failure of the shellfish certification programmes to prevent out breaks. Journal of the American Medicine Association, 233, 1063 1068.
  • Reed, L.J. & Muench, H. 1938 A simple method of estimating fifty per cent endpoints. American Journal of Hygiene, 27, 493 497.
  • Siegl, G. & Eggers, H.J. 1982 Failure of guanidine and 2-(alfa-hydrohybenzyl) -benzimidazole to inhibit replication of hepatitis A virus. In vitro. Journal of General Virology, 61, 111 114.
  • Venuti, A., Di Russo, C., Del Grosso, N., Patti, A.M., Ruggeri, F., De Stasio, P.R., Martigniello, M.G., Pagnotti, P., Degener, A.M., Midulla, M., Panà, A., Perez Bercoff, R. 1985 Isolation and molecular cloning of a fast-growing strain of human hepatitis A virus from its double-stranded replicative form. Journal of Virology, 56, 579 588.
  • Wait, D.A., Hackney, C.R., Carrick, R.J., Lovelace, G., Sobsey, M.D. 1983 Enteric bacterial and viral pathogens and indicator bacteria in hard shell clams. Journal of Food Protection, 46, 493 496.
  • West, P.A., Wood, P.C., Jacob, M. 1985 Control of food poisoning risks associated with shellfish. Journal of the Royal Society of Health 15–21.