Transfer of bacteria from fabrics to hands and other fabrics: development and application of a quantitative method using Staphylococcus aureus as a model
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2001
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 90, Issue 6, pages 962–970, June 2001
How to Cite
Sattar, S.A. , Springthorpe, S. , Mani, S. , Gallant, M. , Nair, R.C. , Scott, E. and Kain, J. (2001), Transfer of bacteria from fabrics to hands and other fabrics: development and application of a quantitative method using Staphylococcus aureus as a model. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 90: 962–970. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2001.01347.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2001
S.A. SATTAR, S. SPRINGTHORPE, S. MANI, M. GALLANT, R.C. NAIR, E. SCOTT AND J. KAIN. 2001.
Aims: To develop and apply a quantitative protocol for assessing the transfer of bacteria from bleached and undyed fabrics of 100% cotton and 50% cotton + 50% polyester (poly cotton) to fingerpads or other pieces of fabric.
Methods and Results: Test pieces of the fabrics were mounted on custom-made stainless steel carriers to give a surface area of 1 cm in diameter, and each piece seeded with about 105 cfu of Staphylococcus aureus from an overnight broth culture; the inoculum contained 5% fetal bovine serum as the soil load. Transfer from fabric to fabric was performed by direct contact using moist and dry fabrics. Transfers from fabrics to fingerpads of adult volunteers were tested using moist, dry and re-moistened pieces of the fabrics, with or without friction during the contact. Bacterial transfer from fabrics to moistened fingerpads was also studied. All the transfers were conducted under ambient conditions at an applied pressure of 0·2 kg cm−2. After the transfer, the recipient fingerpads or fabric pieces were eluted, the eluates spread-plated, along with appropriate controls, on tryptic soy agar and the percentage transfer calculated after the incubation of the plates for 24 h at 37°C.
Conclusions: Bacterial transfer from moist donor fabrics using recipients with moisture was always higher than that to and from dry ones. Friction increased the level of transfer from fabrics to fingerpads by as much as fivefold. Bacterial transfer from poly cotton was consistently higher when compared with that from all-cotton material.
Significance and Impact of the Study: The data generated should help in the development of better models to assess the role fabrics may play as vehicles for infectious agents. Also, the basic design of the reported methodology lends itself to work with other types of human pathogens.