Factors affecting production of an antilisterial bacteriocin by Carnobacterium piscicola strain A9b in laboratory media and model fish systems

Authors


Nilsson Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, Søltofts Plads, c/o Technical University of Denmark, bldg. 221, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark (e-mail: lni@dfu.min.dk).

Abstract

Aims: To investigate factors influencing bacteriocin production and bacteriocin stability of the bioprotective culture Carnobacterium piscicola strain A9b.

Methods and Results: Maximum activity was obtained in MRS7 broth (MRS adjusted to pH 7·2), with or without glucose. No bacteriocin was produced in APT broth when a low inoculum level (0·001%) was used. In contrast, inoculum level did not influence bacteriocin production in BHI and MRS7 without glucose. Bacteriocin production in APT was induced by the presence of an extracellular compound present in the sterile, filtered, cell-free supernatant fluid of a stationary-phase culture. Increasing concentrations of NaCl (2–7%) reduced bacteriocin production and maximum cell density of C. piscicola A9b when grown in cooked fish juice at 4°C.

Conclusions: Media composition, inoculum level and sodium chloride concentration affected production.

Significance and Impact of the Study: The influence of NaCl on bacteriocin production may negate the inhibitory effect of C. piscicola A9b against Listeria monocytogenes in salty foods.

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