• Altschul, S.F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E.W. and Lipman, D.J. (1990) Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology 215, 403410.
  • Brooker, J.D., Odonovan, L.A., Skene, I., Clarke, K., Blackall, L. and Muslera, P. (1994) Streptococcus caprinus sp. nov, a tannin-resistant ruminal bacterium from feral goats. Letters in Applied Microbiology 18, 313318.
  • Counotte, G.H.M., Lankhorst, A. and Prins, R.A. (1983a) Role of DL-lactic acid as an intermediate in rumen metabolism of dairy cows. Journal of Animal Science 56, 12221235.
  • Counotte, G.H.M., Prins, R.A., Jansen, R.H.A.M. and Debie, M.J.A. (1983b) Role of Megasphaera elsdenii in the fermentation of DL-[2–13C] lactate in the rumen of dairy cattle. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 42, 649655.
  • Dawson, K.A. and Allison, M.J. (1988) Digestive disorders and nutritional toxicity. In The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem ed. Hobson, P.N. pp. 445459. London: Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd.
  • Dunlop, R.H. (1972) Pathogenesis of ruminant lactic acidosis. Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine 16, 259302.
  • Forster, R.J., Teather, R.M., Gong, J. and Deng, S.-J. (1996) 16S rDNA analysis of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens: phylogenetic position and relation to butyrate-producing anaerobic bacteria from the rumen of white-tailed deer. Letters in Applied Microbiology 23, 218222.
  • Forster, R.J., Gong, J. and Teather, R.M. (1997) Group-specific 16S rRNA hybridisation probes for determinative and community structure studies of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens in the rumen. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63, 12561260.
  • Godfrey, S.I., Rowe, J.B., Thorniley, G.R., Boyce, M.D. and Speijers, E.J. (1995) Virginiamycin to protect sheep fed wheat, barley or oats from grain poisoning under simulated drought feeding conditions. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 46, 393401.
  • Hungate, R.E. (1966) The Rumen and its Microbes. New York, NY: Academic Press.
  • Hungate, R.E. (1969) A roll-tube method for the cultivation of strict anaerobes. In Methods in Microbiology ed. Norris, J.R. and Ribbons, D.W. pp. 117132. London: Academic Press.
  • Klieve, A.V., Heck, G.L., Prance, M.A. and Shu, Q. (1999) Genetic homogeneity and phage susceptibility of ruminal strains of Streptococcus bovis isolated in Australia. Letters in Applied Microbiology 29, 108112.
  • Klieve, A.V., Ouwerkerk, D., Turner, A. and Roberton, R. (2002) The production and storage of a fermentor-grown bacterial culture containing Synergistes jonesii, for protecting cattle against mimosine and 3-hydroxy-4 (1H)-pyridone toxicity from feeding on Leucaena leucocephala. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 53, 15.
  • Kung, L.J. and Hession, A.O. (1995) Preventing in vitro lactate accumulation in ruminal fermentations by inoculation with Megasphaera elsdenii. Journal of Animal Science 73, 250256.
  • Mackie, R.I. and Gilchrist, F.M.C. (1979) Changes in lactate-producing and lactate-utilising bacteria in relation to pH in the rumen of sheep during stepwise adaptation to a high-concentrate diet. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 38, 422430.
  • Mackie, R.I., Mcsweeney, C.S. and Klieve, A.V. (2002) Microbial ecology of the ovine rumen. In Sheep Nutrition ed. Freer, M. and Dove, H. pp. 7194. Oxon New York: CAB International.
  • Maidak, B.L., Cole, J.R., Lilburn, T.G., Parker, J.C.T., Saxman, P.R., Stredwick, J.M., Garrity, G.M., Li, B. et al. (2000) The RDP (Ribosomal Database Project) continues. Nucleic Acids Research 28, 173174.
  • Nocek, J.E. (1997) Bovine acidosis: implications on laminitis. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 10051028.
  • Osawa, R., Fujisawa, T. and Sly, L.L. (1995) Streptococcus gallolyticus sp. nov.; gallate degrading organisms formerly assigned to Streptococcus bovis. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 18, 7478.
  • Ouwerkerk, D. and Klieve, A.V. (2001) Bacterial diversity within feedlot manure. Anaerobe 7, 5966.
  • Ouwerkerk, D., Klieve, A.V. and Forster, R.J. (2002) Enumeration of Megasphaera elsdenii in rumen contents by real-time Taq nuclease assay. Journal of Applied Microbiology 92, 753758.
  • Owens, F.N., Secrist, D.S., Hill, W.J. and Gill, D.R. (1998) Acidosis in cattle: a review. Journal of Animal Science 76, 275286.
  • Reilly, K., Carruthers, V.R. and Attwood, G.T. (2002) Design and use of 16S ribosomal DNA-directed primers in competitive PCRs to enumerate proteolytic bacteria in the rumen. Microbial Ecology 43, 259270.
  • Russell, J.B. and Hino, T. (1985) Regulation of lactate production in Streptococcus bovis: a spiralling effect that contributes to rumen acidosis. Journal of Dairy Science 68, 17121721.
  • Shu, Q., Gill, H.S., Hennessey, D.W., Leng, R.A., Bird, S.H. and Rowe, J.B. (1999) Immunisation against lactic acidosis in cattle. Research in Veterinary Science 67, 6571.
  • Strobel, H.J. and Russell, J.B. (1986) Effect of pH and energy spilling on bacterial protein synthesis by carbohydrate-limited cultures of mixed rumen bacteria. Journal of Dairy Science 69, 29412947.
  • Wiryawan, K.G. and Brooker, J.D. (1995) Probiotic control of lactate accumulation in acutely grain-fed sheep. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 46, 15551568.