Review of the biogeography of the genus Artemia (Crustacea, Anostraca)

Authors

  • George Triantaphyllidis,

    1. Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Center, University of Ghent, Rozier 44, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium,
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  • Theodore Abatzopoulos,

    1. Faculty of Sciences, School of Biology, Department of Genetics, Development and Molecular Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-540 06 Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • Patrick Sorgeloos

    1. Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Center, University of Ghent, Rozier 44, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium,
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George V. Triantaphyllidis Laboratory of Agriculture and Artemia Reference Center, University of Ghent, Rozier 44, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

In this study, we report on the known Artemia habitats worldwide. Recent literature information is incorporated about the taxonomic status of the various populations studied. The genus is composed of di-, tri-, tetra- and pentaploid parthenogenetic populations and of the following bisexual species: A. franciscana franciscana, A. franciscana monica, A. franciscana sp., A. persimilis, A. salina, A. urmiana, A. sinica and A. sp. from Kazakhstan. The problems of characterizing new brine shrimp populations are discussed. In view of the great importance of Artemia as part of the live food chain for the culture of fish and shellfish larvae and the present cyst shortage from the market, the need for commercial exploitation and development of new Artemia sources is now, more than ever, necessary.

Abstract

En este estudio presentamos los diferentes habitats de Artemia en todo el mundo. Se incluye informacion literaria reciente sobre la posicion taxonomica de las distintas poblaciones estudiadas. El género esta compuesto por poblaciones partenogeneticas di-, tri-, tetra- y pentaploides, y por las sigientes especies bisexuales: A. franciscana franciscana, A. franciscana monica, A. franciscana sp., A. persimilis, A. salina, A. urmiana, A. sinica y A. sp. de Kazakhstan. Se discuten tambien, los problemas relacionados con la caracterizacion de nuevas poblaciones. En vista de la gran importancia que tiene Artemia, como parte de la cadena alimenticia en el cultivo larvario de peces y mariscos, ademas de la escasez actual de quistes en el mercado, la necesidad de desarollo y explotacion comercial de nuevas fuentes de Artemia, es hoy mas que nunca, una exigencia.

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