Student nurses’ perception of independence of supervision during clinical nursing practice

Authors

  • Anna Löfmark RN, PhD candidate,

    1. Lecturer, Department of Caring Sciences and Social Care, University of Gävle, Gävle, and Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marianne Carlsson PhD,

    1. Associate Professor, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Karin Wikblad RN, PhD

    1. Associate Professor, School of Caring Sciences, Dalarna University College, Falun, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author

Anna Löfmark Department of Caring Sciences and Social Care, University of Gävle, S-801 76 Gävle, Sweden (tel.: +46 26 64 82 24; fax: +46 26 64 82 62; e-mail: anna.lofmark@hig.se).

Abstract

•  The purposes of this longitudinal study were to examine Swedish student nurses’ perceptions of independence and to explore to what extent the students had had opportunities to practise different tasks during clinical practice.

•  Data were collected on weekly self-assessment forms during the first and final clinical courses of a 3-year nursing programme for 60 and the remaining 48 students, respectively.

•  The majority of the students rated themselves as being independent of supervision to a great extent both at the beginning and throughout the clinical courses. Some students reported no or few opportunities to practise certain tasks during both courses.

•  Factors that may have influenced the students’ perception of independence are discussed, such as preparation before the clinical courses and the importance students gave to certain tasks.

•  Clinical practice should be carefully planned and individualized to facilitate students’ opportunities to practise different tasks.

Ancillary